[电子书]朱永涛英语国家社会与文化入门第2版教材课后习题答案详解复习题库考研模拟试题

朱永涛英语国家社会与文化入门第2版教材课后习题答案详解复习题库考研模拟试题
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模块一 课后习题

第一部分 英国、爱尔兰、澳大利亚

第1章 英国简介(1)

I. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false(F):

1. Britainis no longer an imperial country.

【答案】T查看答案

2. The Commonwealth of Nationsincludes all European countries.

【答案】F查看答案

3. 1 in 10of the British population are of non-European ethnicity.

【答案】F查看答案

4. The stereotype of the English gentleman never applied themajority of the British people.

【答案】T查看答案

5. Great Britainincludes 3 constituent countries: England,Scotland, and Wales.

【答案】F查看答案

6. Northern Irelandis part of Great Britain.

【答案】F查看答案

7. When people outside the UKtalk about England, theymistake it as Britainsometimes.

【答案】T查看答案

8.The Scots and Welsh have a strong sense of being British.

【答案】F查看答案

9. Scotlandwas never conquered by the Romans.

【答案】T查看答案

10. Most people in Scotlandspeak the old Celtic language, called "Gaelic".

【答案】F查看答案

11. Scotlandwas unified with Englandthrough peaceful means.

【答案】T查看答案

12. Walesis rich in coal deposits.

【答案】T查看答案

13. Cardiff, the capital of Wales,is a large city.

【答案】F查看答案

14. The title of Prince of Wales is held by a Welsh according totradition.

【答案】F查看答案

II. Choose the answer that best completes the statement or answersthe question:

1. Which of the following is NOT considereda characteristic of London?

A. The cultural centre.

B. The business centre.

C. The financial centre.

D. The sports centre.

【答案】D查看答案

2. Which of the following is NOT true aboutthe characteristics of Britain?

A. Economic differences between north and south.

B. Differences of social systems between Scotlandand Wales.

C. Class differences between a white-collar worker and a blue-collarworker.

D. Cultural differences between immigrants and the Britishimmigrants and the British.

【答案】B查看答案

3. Which of the following can NOT be foundin London?

A. Teahouses.

B. Art galleries.

C. Museums.

D. Theatres.

【答案】A查看答案

4. Which of the following is NOT true aboutBritain?

A. It used to be a powerful imperial country in the world.

B. It plays an active role as a member of European Union.

C. It is a relatively wealthy and developed country.

D. It used to be one of the superpowers in the word.

【答案】D查看答案

5. Three of the following arecharacteristics of London.Which of the four is the exception?

A. London is a political, economic and cultural centre of thecountry.

B. London has a larger population than all other cities in England.

C. London is not only the largest city in Britain, but also the largest inthe world.

D. Londonhas played a significant role in the economic construction of the country.

【答案】A查看答案

6. The Tower of London,a historical sight, located in the centre of London, was built by

A. King Arthur

B. Robin Hood

C. Oliver Cromwell

D. William the Conqueror

【答案】D查看答案

7. Who were the ancestors of the Englishand the founders of England?

A. The Anglo-Saxons.

B. The Normans.

C. The Vikings.

D. The Romans.

【答案】A查看答案

8.Which is the largest city in Scotland?

A. Cardiff.

B. Edinburgh.

C. Glasgow.

D. Manchester.

【答案】C查看答案

9. Why did the Scottish Kings decide toform an independent singular Scottish state in the 9th century?

A. They needed a unified independent nation to fight against Vikingraids.

B. They felt it necessary to develop their own industry.

C. They were threatened by the Anglo-Saxons" invasion.

D. They had to do it in order to resist the English.

【答案】A 查看答案

10. Where do the majority of people in Scotlandlive?

A. In the Highlands.

B. In the Lowlands.

C. In the Uplands.

D. In the west of Scotland.

【答案】B查看答案

11. Which of the following statements isNOT true?

A. Wales was invaded by the Romans.

B. Wales was occupied by the Anglo-Saxons.

C. Wales was conquered by the Normans.

D. Waleswas threatened by the English.

【答案】B查看答案

12.Which of the following parties in Scotland still wants an independent Scotland?

A. The Labour Party.

B. The Liberal Party.

C. The Scottish Nationalist Party.

D. The Conservative Party.

【答案】C查看答案

13. When did Scotlandjoin the Union by agreement of the English andScottish parliaments?

A. In 1715.

B. In 1688.

C. In 1745.

D. In 1707.

【答案】D查看答案

14. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd is not a simple historical figurefor the Welsh. He is almost considered the legendary hero of Welsh nationalismbecause_____

A. he became the first Prince of Wales in 1267.

B. he brought the English under his control.

C. he led a historic uprising against the English.

D. he unified Walesas an independent nation.

【答案】D查看答案

III. Fill in the blanks:

1. Thefull name of the United kingdom is the _____ and_____.

【答案】United Kingdom ofGreat Britain, Northern Ireland查看答案

2. The island of Great Britainis made up of England_____ and_____

【答案】Scotland, Wales查看答案

3. The United Kingdomhas been a member of the _____ since 1973.

【答案】European Union查看答案

4. Britainis now a _____ society which produces a population of which 1 in 20 are of _____ ethnicity.

【答案】multiracial,non-European查看答案

5. London plays a significant role in Britain"s economic and culturallife. It"s not only the financial _____ of the nation, but also one of themajor international financial centres in the world.

【答案】centre查看答案

6. Britain consists of three nations, including England,_____ and _____.

【答案】Scotland, Wales查看答案

7. Britainis a country with a history of invasions. In 43 AD Britainwas invaded by _____ in the late 8th century they experienced raids from Scandinavia and in the 1th century they sufferedinvasions from _____.

【答案】the RomanEmpire, Normans查看答案

8. TheAnglo-Saxons began to settle in Britainin the _____ century.

【答案】fifth查看答案

9. Thecapital of Britain is _____ whichhas great influence on the UKin all fields including government, finance, and _____.

【答案】London, culture查看答案

10.Charles the First, king of Britain,was executed, because he attempted to overthrow _____ in the English Revolution.

【答案】parliament查看答案

11. Nametwo Scottish cities which have ancient and internationally respecteduniversities: _____ and _____.

【答案】Edinburgh, Glasgow查看答案

12. Thebattle of Bannockburnled by Robert the Bruce succeeded in winning the full independence of _____.

【答案】Scotland查看答案

13. Boththe Scottish and Welsh people elect their members of parliaments to the LondonParliament and each holds _____ and _____ seats respectively.

【答案】3,4查看答案

14. The capitalof Scotlandis _____, which is well-known for its natural _____.

【答案】Edinburgh, beauty查看答案

15.Although Wales is thesmallest of the three nations on the mainland, it"s good at getting _____ fromabroad, particularly Japanand _____.

【答案】investment, the United States查看答案

IV. Tell what you know about the following in your own words:

1.London

Key: London is the largest city located inthe south of the country. It is dominant in Britain in all sorts of ways. It isthe cultural and business centre and the headquarters of the vast majority of Britain’sbig companies. It is not only the financial centre of the nation, but also oneof the three major international financial centres in the world.

2.Robin Hood

Key: Robin Hood was a Saxonnobleman. As he could no longer put up with oppressions from the Normans, he became anoutlaw and hid himself with his band of “merry men” in the forest. From thissecret place, he went out to rob from the rich to give the poor.

3.The Anglo-Saxons

Key: They were two groupsof Germanic peoples who settled down in England from the 5th century. Theywere regarded as the ancestors of the English and the founders of England.

4.King Arthur

Key: It is said that he wasthe King of England in the 5th century and united the British and drove theSaxons back with his magical sword, Excalibur. His real existence is in doubt.He is the central figure of many legends.

5.King Harold

Key: He was the Saxon Kingwhose army was defeated in the Battle of Hastings in 1066, when William theConqueror invaded Englandfrom France.

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