[电子书]朱永涛英语国家社会与文化入门第3版教材课后习题答案详解复习题库考研模拟试题

朱永涛英语国家社会与文化入门第3版教材课后习题答案详解复习题库考研模拟试题
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模块一 课后习题

第一部分 英国、爱尔兰、澳大利亚

第1章 英国简介(1)

I. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false(F):

1. Britain is no longer an imperialcountry. _____

【答案】T查看答案

2. The Commonwealth of Nations includes all European countries. _____

【答案】F查看答案

3. 1 in10 of the British population are of non-European ethnicity. _____

【答案】F查看答案

4. The stereotype of the English gentlemannever applied to the majority of the British people. _____

【答案】T查看答案

5. When people outside the UK talk about England,they mistake it as Britainsometimes. _____

【答案】T查看答案

6. The Scots and Welsh have a strong sense of beingBritish. _____

【答案】F查看答案

7. Scotland was never conquered by theRomans. _____

【答案】T查看答案

8. Most people in Scotland speakthe old Celtic language, called “Gaelic”.

【答案】F查看答案

9. Scotlandwas unified with Englandthrough peaceful means. _____

【答案】T查看答案

10.Wales is rich in coal deposits. _____

【答案】T查看答案

11. Cardiff,the capital of Wales,is a large city. _____

【答案】F查看答案

12. The title of Prince of Wales is held bya Welsh according to tradition. _____

【答案】F查看答案

II. Choose the answer that best completes the statement or answersthe question:

1.Which of the following is NOT considered a characteristic of London?

A. The culturalcentre.

B. The businesscentre.

C. The financialcentre.

D. The sports centre.

【答案】D查看答案

2. Which of the following is NOT true about the characteristics ofBritain?

A. Economicdifferences between north and south.

B. Differences ofsocial systems between Scotlandand Wales.

C. Class differencesbetween a white-collar worker and a blue-collar worker.

D. Cultural differencesbetween immigrants and the British.

【答案】B查看答案

3.Which of the following is NOT true about Britain?

A. It used to be apowerful imperial country in the world.

B. It plays an activerole as a member of the European Union.

C. It is a relativelywealthy and developed country.

D. It used to be one ofthe superpowers in the world.

【答案】D查看答案

4.Three of the following are characteristics of London. Which of the four is the EXCEPTION?

A. London is apolitical, economic and cultural centre of the country.

B. London has a largerpopulation than all other cities in England.

C. London is not onlythe largest city in Britain,but also the largest in the world.

D. London has played a significant role in theeconomic construction of the country.

【答案】C查看答案

5. The Tower of London, ahistorical sight, located in the centre of London, was built by _____.

A. King Arthur

B. Robin Hood

C. Oliver Cromwell

D. William theConqueror

【答案】D查看答案

6.Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England?

A. The Anglo-Saxons.

B. The Normans.

C. The Vikings.

D. The Romans.

【答案】A查看答案

7.Which is the largest city in Scotland?

A. Cardiff.

B. Edinburgh.

C. Glasgow.

D. Manchester.

【答案】C查看答案

8. Why did the Scottish Kings decide to form an independentsingular Scottish state in the 9th century?

A. They needed aunified independent nation to fight against Viking raids.

B. They felt itnecessary to develop their own industry.

C. They werethreatened by the Anglo-Saxons’ invasion.

D. They had to do itin order to resist the English.

【答案】A查看答案

9.Where do the majority of people in Scotland live?

A. In the Highlands.

B. In the Lowlands.

C. In the Uplands.

D. In the west of Scotland.

【答案】B查看答案

10.Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Wales was invadedby the Romans.

B. Wales was occupiedby the Anglo-Saxons.

C. Wales was conqueredby the Normans.

D. Wales wasthreatened by the English.

【答案】B查看答案

11. Which of the following parties in Scotlandstill wants an independent Scotland?

A. The Labour Party.

B. The Liberal Party.

C. The ScottishNationalist Party.

D. The ConservativeParty.

【答案】C查看答案

12. When did Scotlandjoin the Union by agreement of the English andScottish parliaments?

A.In 1715.

B.In 1688.

C.In 1745.

D. In 1707.

【答案】D查看答案

13.Llywelyn ap Gruffudd is not a simple historical figure for the Welsh. He isalmost considered the legendary hero of Welsh nationalism because

A. he became the firstPrince of Wales in 1267.

B. he brought theEnglish under his control.

C. he led a historicuprising against the English.

D. he unified Wales as anindependent nation.

【答案】D查看答案

III. Fill in the blanks:

1.The full name of the United Kingdom is the _____ and _____.

【答案】United Kingdom ofGreat Britain, Northern Ireland查看答案

2. The island of Great Britain is made up of England, _____and _____.

【答案】Scotland, Wales查看答案

3. The United Kingdom has been a member of the _____ since1973.

【答案】European Union查看答案

4. Britainis now a _____ society which produces a population of which 1 in 20 are of _____ ethnicity.

【答案】multiracial,non-European查看答案

5. London plays a significant role in Britain’seconomic and cultural life. It’s not only the financial _____ of the nation,but also one of the major international financial centres in the world.

【答案】centre查看答案

6. Britain is acountry with a history of invasions. In 43 AD Britainwas invaded by _____ in the late 8th century they experienced raids from Scandinavia and in the 11th century they sufferedinvasions from _____.

【答案】the Roman Empire,Normans查看答案

7.The Anglo-Saxons began to settle in Britain in the _____ century.

【答案】fifth查看答案

8. Thecapital of Britain is _____,which has great influence on the UK in all fields includinggovernment, finance, and _____.

【答案】London,culture查看答案

9. Charlesthe First, king of Britain,was executed, because he attempted to overthrow _____ in the EnglishRevolution.

【答案】parliament查看答案

10. Name two Scottish cities which have ancient andinternationally respected universities: _____ and _____.

【答案】Edinburgh,Glasgow查看答案

11. The battle of Bannockburnled by Robert the Bruce succeeded in winning the full independence of _____.

【答案】Scotland查看答案

12. Boththe Scottish and Welsh people elect their members of parliaments to the LondonParliament and each holds _____ and seats respectively.

【答案】72,38查看答案

13. The capital of Scotlandis _____, which is well-known for its natural _____.

【答案】Edinburgh,beauty查看答案

14.Although Wales is thesmallest of the three nations on the mainland, it’s good at getting _____ fromabroad, particularly Japanand _____.

【答案】investment, the UnitedStates查看答案

IV. Tell what you know about the following in your own words:

1.London

Key: London is the largest city located inthe south of the country. It is dominant in Britain in all sorts of ways. It isthe cultural and business centre and the headquarters of the vast majority of Britain’s bigcompanies. It is not only the financial centre of the nation, but also one ofthe three major international financial centres in the world.

2.Robin Hood

Key: Robin Hood was a Saxonnobleman. As he could no longer put up with oppressions from the Normans, he became anoutlaw and hid himself with his band of “merry men” in the forest. From thissecret place, he went out to rob from the rich to give the poor.

3.The Anglo-Saxons

Key: They were two groupsof Germanic peoples who settled down in England from the 5th century. Theywere regarded as the ancestors of the English and the founders of England.

4.King Arthur

Key: It is said that he wasthe King of England in the 5th century and united the British and drove theSaxons back with his magical sword, Excalibur. His real existence is in doubt.He is the central figure of many legends.

5.King Harold

Key: He was the Saxon Kingwhose army was defeated in the Battle of Hastings in 1066, when William theConqueror invaded Englandfrom France.

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