I. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false(F):
1. Britain is no longer an imperialcountry. _____
2. The Commonwealth of Nations includes all European countries. _____
3. 1 in10 of the British population are of non-European ethnicity. _____
4. The stereotype of the English gentlemannever applied to the majority of the British people. _____
5. When people outside the UK talk about England,they mistake it as Britainsometimes. _____
6. The Scots and Welsh have a strong sense of beingBritish. _____
7. Scotland was never conquered by theRomans. _____
8. Most people in Scotland speakthe old Celtic language, called “Gaelic”.
9. Scotlandwas unified with Englandthrough peaceful means. _____
10.Wales is rich in coal deposits. _____
11. Cardiff,the capital of Wales,is a large city. _____
12. The title of Prince of Wales is held bya Welsh according to tradition. _____
II. Choose the answer that best completes the statement or answersthe question:
1.Which of the following is NOT considered a characteristic of London?
A. The culturalcentre.
B. The businesscentre.
C. The financialcentre.
D. The sports centre.
2. Which of the following is NOT true about the characteristics ofBritain?
A. Economicdifferences between north and south.
B. Differences ofsocial systems between Scotlandand Wales.
C. Class differencesbetween a white-collar worker and a blue-collar worker.
D. Cultural differencesbetween immigrants and the British.
3.Which of the following is NOT true about Britain?
A. It used to be apowerful imperial country in the world.
B. It plays an activerole as a member of the European Union.
C. It is a relativelywealthy and developed country.
D. It used to be one ofthe superpowers in the world.
4.Three of the following are characteristics of London. Which of the four is the EXCEPTION?
A. London is apolitical, economic and cultural centre of the country.
B. London has a largerpopulation than all other cities in England.
C. London is not onlythe largest city in Britain,but also the largest in the world.
D. London has played a significant role in theeconomic construction of the country.
5. The Tower of London, ahistorical sight, located in the centre of London, was built by _____.
A. King Arthur
B. Robin Hood
C. Oliver Cromwell
D. William theConqueror
6.Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England?
A. The Anglo-Saxons.
B. The Normans.
C. The Vikings.
D. The Romans.
7.Which is the largest city in Scotland?
8. Why did the Scottish Kings decide to form an independentsingular Scottish state in the 9th century?
A. They needed aunified independent nation to fight against Viking raids.
B. They felt itnecessary to develop their own industry.
C. They werethreatened by the Anglo-Saxons’ invasion.
D. They had to do itin order to resist the English.
9.Where do the majority of people in Scotland live?
A. In the Highlands.
B. In the Lowlands.
C. In the Uplands.
D. In the west of Scotland.
10.Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Wales was invadedby the Romans.
B. Wales was occupiedby the Anglo-Saxons.
C. Wales was conqueredby the Normans.
D. Wales wasthreatened by the English.
11. Which of the following parties in Scotlandstill wants an independent Scotland?
A. The Labour Party.
B. The Liberal Party.
C. The ScottishNationalist Party.
D. The ConservativeParty.
12. When did Scotlandjoin the Union by agreement of the English andScottish parliaments?
D. In 1707.
13.Llywelyn ap Gruffudd is not a simple historical figure for the Welsh. He isalmost considered the legendary hero of Welsh nationalism because
A. he became the firstPrince of Wales in 1267.
B. he brought theEnglish under his control.
C. he led a historicuprising against the English.
D. he unified Wales as anindependent nation.
III. Fill in the blanks:
1.The full name of the United Kingdom is the _____ and _____.
【答案】United Kingdom ofGreat Britain, Northern Ireland查看答案
2. The island of Great Britain is made up of England, _____and _____.
3. The United Kingdom has been a member of the _____ since1973.
4. Britainis now a _____ society which produces a population of which 1 in 20 are of _____ ethnicity.
5. London plays a significant role in Britain’seconomic and cultural life. It’s not only the financial _____ of the nation,but also one of the major international financial centres in the world.
6. Britain is acountry with a history of invasions. In 43 AD Britainwas invaded by _____ in the late 8th century they experienced raids from Scandinavia and in the 11th century they sufferedinvasions from _____.
【答案】the Roman Empire,Normans查看答案
7.The Anglo-Saxons began to settle in Britain in the _____ century.
8. Thecapital of Britain is _____,which has great influence on the UK in all fields includinggovernment, finance, and _____.
9. Charlesthe First, king of Britain,was executed, because he attempted to overthrow _____ in the EnglishRevolution.
10. Name two Scottish cities which have ancient andinternationally respected universities: _____ and _____.
11. The battle of Bannockburnled by Robert the Bruce succeeded in winning the full independence of _____.
12. Boththe Scottish and Welsh people elect their members of parliaments to the LondonParliament and each holds _____ and seats respectively.
13. The capital of Scotlandis _____, which is well-known for its natural _____.
14.Although Wales is thesmallest of the three nations on the mainland, it’s good at getting _____ fromabroad, particularly Japanand _____.
【答案】investment, the UnitedStates查看答案
IV. Tell what you know about the following in your own words:
Key: London is the largest city located inthe south of the country. It is dominant in Britain in all sorts of ways. It isthe cultural and business centre and the headquarters of the vast majority of Britain’s bigcompanies. It is not only the financial centre of the nation, but also one ofthe three major international financial centres in the world.
Key: Robin Hood was a Saxonnobleman. As he could no longer put up with oppressions from the Normans, he became anoutlaw and hid himself with his band of “merry men” in the forest. From thissecret place, he went out to rob from the rich to give the poor.
Key: They were two groupsof Germanic peoples who settled down in England from the 5th century. Theywere regarded as the ancestors of the English and the founders of England.
Key: It is said that he wasthe King of England in the 5th century and united the British and drove theSaxons back with his magical sword, Excalibur. His real existence is in doubt.He is the central figure of many legends.
Key: He was the Saxon Kingwhose army was defeated in the Battle of Hastings in 1066, when William theConqueror invaded Englandfrom France.
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