[电子书]吴伟仁《美国文学史及选读》配套题库【章节题库(含名校考研真题)+模拟试题】

[电子书] 吴伟仁《美国文学史及选读》配套题库【章节题库(含名校考研真题)+模拟试题】

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更新时间:2020-03-04
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目录

内容简介

第一部分 章节题库(含名校考研真题)

第一章 殖民地时期的美国文学

第二章 理性时代和革命时期文学

第三章 浪漫主义文学

第四章 现实主义文学

第五章 20世纪美国文学

第二部分 模拟试题

第一章 吴伟仁《美国文学史及选读》模拟试题及详解(一)

第二章 吴伟仁《美国文学史及选读》模拟试题及详解(二)

内容简介

本书是吴伟仁《美国文学史及选读》的配套题库,包括以下几个方面的内容:

第一部分是章节题库(含名校考研真题),严格按照吴伟仁《美国文学史及选读》的章目编排,共分为5章,精选与各章内容配套的习题进行详解,所选试题基本涵盖了每章的考点和难点并配有考研真题。

第二部分是模拟试题,根据各校历年考研真题的命题规律,精选教材中的重要考点,精心编写了两套模拟试题,并进行了详细的解答。

电子书产品界面及功能

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试读(部分内容)

第一部分 章节题库(含名校考研真题)

第一章 殖民地时期的美国文学

填空题

1.The term “Puritan” was applied to those settlers who originally were devout members of the Church of ______.

【答案】England查看答案

【解析】清教徒(Puritan),是指要求清除英国国教Church of England中天主教残余的改革派。其字词于16世纪60年代开始使用,源于拉丁文的Purus,意为“清洁”。

2.The most enduring shaping influence in American thought and American literature was ______.

【答案】American Puritanism查看答案

【解析】美国文化源于清教文化,由清教徒移民时传入北美。美国主流价值观都可以追溯到殖民地时期一统天下的清教主义,并且清教思想对美国文学有着根深蒂固的影响。

3.Hard work, thrift, piety and sobriety, these were the ______ values that dominated much of the early American writing.

【答案】Puritan查看答案

【解析】清教主义,起源于英国,在北美殖民地得以实践与发展。清教徒强调艰苦奋斗、勤俭节约、虔诚和淡泊。这些价值观也影响了早期的美国文学。

4.Many Puritans wrote verse, but the works of two writers, Anne Bradstreet and ______, rose to the level of real poetry.

【答案】Edward Taylor查看答案

【解析】美国殖民时期最著名的诗人是安·布莱德斯特和爱德华·泰勒。

5.The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America is a collection of poems composed by ______.

【答案】Anne Bradstreet查看答案

【解析】安·布莱德斯特律是美国殖民时期著名的诗人。其代表作是诗集《最近在北美出现的第十位缪斯》(The Tenth Muse Late Sprung up in America)。

6.The Puritan philosophy known as ______ was important in New England during colonial time, and had a profound influence on the early American mind for several generations.

【答案】Puritanism查看答案

【解析】清教主义,起源于英国,在北美殖民地得以实践与发展。清教徒构成了当时北美移民的主体,在新英格兰北部更是清一色的清教徒。清教主义奠定了美国社会的基础,塑造了美国人的性格,从各个方面影响着美国社会。

7.Bradford used a word “______” to describe the community of believers who sailed from Southampton England, on the Mayflower and settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620.

【答案】Pilgrims查看答案

8.Bradford’s work consists of two books. The first book deals with the persecutions of the Separatists in Scrooby, England, the second book describes the signing of the “______ Compact”.

【答案】Mayflower查看答案

9.Many Puritans wrote verse, but the work of two writers, Anne Bradstreet and Edward ______, rose to the level of real poetry.

【答案】Taylor查看答案

10.Hard work, thrift, piety and sobriety, these were the ______ values that dominated much of the early American writing.

【答案】Puritan查看答案

11.Before his death, Jonathan ______ had gained a position as America’s first systematic philosopher.

【答案】Edwards查看答案

12.Among the members of the small band of Jamestown settlers was ______, an English soldier of fortune, whose reports of exploration, published in the early 1600s, have been described as the first distinct American literature written in English.

【答案】Captain John Smith查看答案

【解析】约翰·史密斯上校(1580.1-1631.6.21)因在北美弗吉尼亚州建立了英国第一个永久殖民地詹姆斯敦而扬名天下。他的《关于弗吉尼亚的真实叙述》(A True Relation of Virginia)则是美国文学的“第一书”,其实也是整个美国历史的“第一书”。

13.______ College was established in 1636, with a printing press set up nearly in 1639.

【答案】Harvard查看答案

【解析】1636年100多名曾在牛津和剑桥大学受过古典式的高等教育的清教徒,在马萨诸塞州的查尔斯河畔建立了美国历史上第一所学府——哈佛学院。

14.______ was a famous explorer and colonist. He established Jamestown.

【答案】Captain John Smith查看答案

【解析】约翰·史密斯上校(1580.1-1631.6.21),新英格兰的舰队司令,是英国军人,探险家和作家。他因在北美弗吉尼亚州建立了英国第一个永久殖民地詹姆斯敦而扬名天下。

15.The General History of Virginia contains Smith’s most famous tale of how the Indian princess named ______ saved him from the wrath of her father.

【答案】Pocahontas查看答案

【解析】约翰·史密斯在《弗吉尼亚通史》中讲述了他与印第安公主波卡虹塔斯(Pocahontas)之间的故事。公元1608年史密斯与当地印第安部落的一位叫波瓦坦的酋长谈判,这位酋长年轻的女儿波卡虹塔斯挽救了史密斯船长的性命。

16.William Bradford himself used a word “______” to describe the community of believers who sailed from Southampton, England, on the Mayflower and settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620.

【答案】Pilgrims查看答案

【解析】威廉姆·布拉德福德是普利茅斯的首任总督。1620年他率领100多名英国移民乘坐“五月花号”大帆船到达北美的普利茅斯。他把其率领的信徒称为朝圣者(pilgrims)

17.In 1620, ______ was elected Governor of Plymouth, Massachusetts.

【答案】William Bradford查看答案

【解析】1620年威廉姆·布拉德福德被推选为马萨诸塞普利茅斯的首任总督。

18.The History of New England is a priceless gift left us by ______.

【答案】John Winthrop查看答案

【解析】约翰·温思罗普(John Winthrop)(1588-1649),美国殖民地领导人,马萨诸塞湾清教徒总督。他著名的作品是《新英格兰史》(The History of New England)

选择题

1.American Colonial literature is longer than any other literary period, which started when the first settlers kept diaries and sermons and developed till ______.(北二外2010研)

A. the mid of 18th C

B. early 17th C

C. the end of 17th C

D. the end of 18th C

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】美国殖民时期文学历经两个世纪,从17世纪初到18世纪末。

2.Early in ______, the English settlements in Virginia and Massachusetts started the main stream of the American national history.(北二外2007研)

A. 14th century

B. 15th century

C. 17th century

D. 16th century

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】17世纪初,英国人在弗吉尼亚和马萨诸塞定居,这也是美国历史的开端。

3.The first permanent English settlement in North America was established at ______.(北二外2009研)

A. Jamestown

B. New York

C. Boston

D. Concord

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】詹姆斯敦是英国人在北美的第一个永久定居地。

4.The first settlers who became the founding fathers of the American nation were quite a few of them ______.(北二外2008研)

A. Quakers.

B. Anglicans

C. Catholics

D. Puritans.

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】早期来到北美的殖民者有不少是清教徒,因而殖民时期的文学深受清教思想影响。

5.It is a critical commonplace now that American literature is based on a myth, that is, ______.(北二外2008研)

A. the ancient Greek myth of Zeus

B. the British myth of the Saint Grail

C. the Biblical myth of the Garden of Eden

D. the legend of the Sleepy Hollow

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】由于深受清教主义的影响,美国文学——至少是美国的白人文学——是建立在《圣经》伊甸园神话基础上的文学。

6.The common thread throughout American literature has been the emphasis on the ______.

A. Revolutionism

B. Reason

C. Individualism

D. Rationalism

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】美国价值观的核心是个人主义,因而,个人主义也成为贯穿美国文学史的主线。

7.The ship “_____” carried about one hundred Pilgrims and took 66 days to beat its way across the Atlantic. In December of 1620, it put the Pilgrims ashore at Plymouth, Massachusetts.

A. Sunflower

B. Armada

C. Mayflower

D. Titanic

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】1920年100多名清教徒前辈乘坐“五月花”号船到达美国马萨诸塞州的普利茅斯。

8.What style did the seventeenth century American poets adapt to the subject matter confronted in a strangely new environment?

A. The style of their own.

B. The style mixed with English and American elements.

C. The style mixed with native-American and British tradition.

D. The style of established European poets.

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】17世纪美国诗人大多沿袭英国诗歌的风格。

9.Anne Bradstreet was a Puritan poet. Her poems made such a stir in England that she became known as the ______ who appeared in America.

A. Ninth Muse

B. Tenth Muse

C. Best Muse

D. First Muse

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】安·布拉德斯特里特被誉为“美国出现的第十个缪斯”。

10.______ was a civil covenant designed to allow the temporal state to serve the godly citizen.

A. The early history of Plymouth Colony

B. The Magnalia Christi America

C. Mayflower Compact

D. Freedom of the Will

【答案】C查看答案

11.In 1620 a number of Puritans came to settle in ______.

A. Virginia

B. Georgia

C. Maryland

D. Massachusetts

【答案】D查看答案

12.In the early 19th century American moral values were essentially Puritan. Nothing has left a deeper imprint on the character of the people as a whole than did ______.

A. Puritanism

B. Romanticism

C. Rationalism

D. Sentimentalism

【答案】A查看答案

13.Early in the seventeenth century, the English settlements in ______ began the main stream of what we recognize as the American national history.

A. Virginia and Pennsylvania

B. Massachusetts and New York

C. Virginia and Massachusetts

D. New York and Pennsylvania

【答案】C查看答案

14.The first writings that we call American were the narratives and ______ of the early settlements.

A. journals

B. poetry

C. drama

D. folklores

【答案】A查看答案

15.Among the earliest settlers in North America were Frenchmen who settled in the Northern Colonies and along the ______ River.

A. St. Louis

B. St. Lawrence

C. Mississippi

D. Hudson

【答案】B查看答案

16.Whose reports of exploration, published in the early 1600s, have been regarded as the first distinct American literature written in English?

A. John Winthrop’s

B. John Smith’s

C. William Bradford’s

D. Christopher Columbus’s

【答案】B查看答案

17.Somewhere in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean ______ delivered his sermon A Model of Christian Charity. It became his important work.

A. John Winthrop

B. Michael Wigglesworth

C. William Bradford

D. Thomas Hooker

【答案】A查看答案

18.Who among the following translated the Bible into the Indian tongue?

A. Roger Williams

B. John Eliot

C. Cotton Mather

D. John Smith

【答案】A查看答案

19.The best of Puritan poets was ______, whose complete edition of poems appeared in 1960, more than two hundred years after his death.

A. Anne Bradstreet

B. Michael Wigglesworth

C. Thomas Hooker

D. Edward Taylor

【答案】D查看答案

20.English literature in America is only about more than ______ years old.

A. 500

B. 600

C. 200

D. 100

【答案】C查看答案

21.The early history of ______ Colony was the history of Bradford’s leadership.

A. Plymouth

B. Jamestown

C. New England

D. Mayflower

【答案】A查看答案

22.The establisher of Jamestown was the famous explorer and colonist ______.

A. John Winthrop

B. John Smith

C. William Bradford

D. John Goodwin

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】约翰·史密斯上校(1580.1-1631.6.21)新英格兰的舰队司令,是英国军人,探险家和作家。其因在北美弗吉尼亚州建立了英国第一个永久殖民地詹姆斯敦而扬名天下。

术语解释

1.Protestants(天津外国语2007研)

Key: Protestants refer to those people who believe in Protestantism. Protestantism is one of the four major divisions within Christianity. It is most closely tied to those groups that separated from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Protestant doctrine was also known in continental European traditions as Evangelical doctrine. It typically holds that Scripture is the source of revealed truth.

2.American Puritanism(南开大学2008研;厦门大学 2011 研)

Key: The word Puritanism is originally used to refer to the theology advocated by a party within the Church of England. The term Puritanism is also used in a broader sense to refer to the attitudes and values considered characteristic of the Puritans. It has been employed to denote a rigid moralism, or the condemnation of innocent pleasure, or religious narrowness adhered by the early New England Puritans. The American Puritanism as a cultural heritage exerted great influence over American moral values. And this Puritan influence over American Romanticism was conspicuously noticeable. In addition, a preoccupation with the Calvinistic view of original sin and the mystery of evil marked the works by such famous writers as Hawthorne and Melville.

3.Literary Journals:

Key:

A journal is an individual’s day-by-day account of events. It provides valuable details that can be supplied only by a participant or an eyewitness. As a record of personal relations, a journal reveals much about the writer.

While offering insights into the life of the writer, a journal is not necessarily a reliable record of facts. The writer’s impressions may color the telling of events, particularly when he or she is a participant. Journals written for publication rather than private use are even less likely to be objective. The European encounters with and conquest of the Americas are recorded in the journals of the explorers.

作品分析题

1.

Questions:

(1) This is the ninth of the “Contemplations” written by an early American woman writer. What is her name?

(2) Make a brief comment on this short poem.

Key:

(1) Anne Bradstreet.

(2) This short poem offers the reader an insight into the mentality of the early Puritan pioneering into a new world. When the poet, heard the grasshopper and the cricket sing, she thought of this as their praising their reator and searched her own soul accordingly. It is evident that she saw something metaphysical inhering in the physical, a mode of perception which was singularly Puritan.

2.

Questions:

(1) Identify the poet of this poem.

(2) Make a brief comment on this poem.

Key:

(1) Edward Taylor.

(2) The poem indicates that the poet saw religious significance in a simple daily incident like a housewife spinning. The spinning wheel, the distaff, the flyers, the spool, the reel and the yarn have all acquired a metaphorical significance in the symbolic, Puritan eyes of Edward Taylor.

3.Identify the poem.

Questions:

(1) This is taken from the Contemplations written by an early American woman writer. What is her name?

(2) Make a brief comment on this short poem.

Key:

(1) Anne Bradstreet.

(2) These stanzas, written by Anne Bradstreet, is taken from her best known and most attractive poem, Contemplations. This short poem offers the reader an insight into the mentality of the early Puritan pioneering in a new world. When she, the poet, heard the grasshopper and the cricket sing, she thought of this as their praising their creator and searched her own soul accordingly. It is evident that she saw something metaphysical inhering in the physical, a mode of perception which was singularly Puritan.

4.

Questions:

(1) This is the ninth of the “Contemplations” written by an early American woman writer. What is her name?

(2) Make a brief comment on this short poem.

Key:

(1) Anne Bradstreet.

(2) This short poem offers the reader an insight into the mentality of the early Puritan pioneering in a new world. When the poet, heard the grasshopper and the cricket sing, she thought of this as their praising their creator and searched her own soul accordingly. It is evident that she saw something metaphysical inhering in the physical, a mode of perception which was singularly Puritan.

简答题

1.Who was Anne Bradstreet? What were her literary achievements?

Key: Anne Bradstreet (1612~1672) is one of the most important figures in the history of American Literature. She is considered by many to be the first American poet, and her first collection of poems, The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, By a Gentlewoman of Those Parts, was the first book written by a woman to be published in the United States. Mrs. Bradstreet’s works also serves as a document of the struggles of a Puritan wife against the hardships of New England colonial life.

2.What are the basic Calvinist tenets? (国际关系学院2007研)

Key: Calvinist theology is sometimes identified with the five points of Calvinism, also called the doctrines of grace. In English, The five points are sometimes referred to by the acronym TULIP, which means Total Inherited Depravity, Unconditional Election, Limited Atonement, Irresistible Grace and Perseverance of the Saints England colonial life.

论述题

1.What is the significance of American Puritanism in American literature?

Key: The settlement of the North American continent by the English began in the early part of the 17th century. The first settlers who became the founding fathers of the American nation were quite a few of the Puritans. They carried with them to America a code of values which became what is now popularly known as American Puritanism. It was one of the most enduring shaping influences in American literature. To some extent, it has become a state of mind, a part of national cultural atmosphere that the Americans breathe.

The American Puritans were idealists, believing that the Church should be restored to the “Purity” and religion was a matter of primary importance. They accepted the doctrine of predestination, original sin, total depravity and limited atonement. It has been a critical commonplace that the American literature—or Anglo-American literature—is based on a myth, that is, the Biblical myth of the Garden of Eden. Fired with such a sense of mission, the Puritans looked at even the worst of life in the face with a tremendous amount of optimism. All this went, in due time, into the making of American literature. The spirits of optimism burst out of the pages of so many American authors, such as, Emerson, Whitman, etc.

Furthermore, the American Puritan’s metaphorical mode of perception was chiefly instrumental in calling into being a literary symbolism which is distinctly American. Puritan doctrine and literary practice contributed greatly to the development of an indigenous symbolism. The ever symbolizing process became, in time, part of the intellectual tradition. To Hawthorne, Melville, Howells and many others, symbolism as a technique has become a common practice. This peculiar mode of perception was an essential part of their upbringing.

With regard to technique, simplicity characterizes the Puritan style of writing. The style is fresh, simple and direct; the rhetoric is plain and honest, without a touch of nobility often traceable to the direct influence of the Bible. All this has left an indelible imprint on American writing. Thus American Puritanism has been, by and large, a healthy legacy to the Americans.

2.Do you agree that in colonial America there was no poetry at all? Give your reason.

Key:

The strenuous life of the pioneer left little time for cultivating any of the arts, and the spirit of New England was too serious and too stern to permit indulgence in what was merely pleasant or beautiful. Even after the first critical years of danger and struggle were past, the intellectual life of the people was bounded by the narrow limits of religious discussion and theological debate. That the Puritan was not without imagination, however, is abundantly proved by the forceful figures and impassioned rhetoric of the prose writers who did only occasionally slip into rhyme. Anne Bradstreet and Edward Taylor are such examples.

Anne Bradstreet was a Puritan who wrote ponderous verses of interminable, inter-locking poems. Her poems made such a stir in England that she became known as the “tenth Muse” who appeared in America. Her famous “Contemplation” offers the reader an insight into the mentality of the early Puritan pioneering in a new world.

Edward Taylor was a meditation poet. In his splendid, exotic images, Taylor came nearest to the English baroque poets. He was, first and last, a Puritan poet, concerned about how his images  speak for God. He has faith in God who can save the erring, or possibly sinful, humankind from the evil designs of Hell.

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