I. Vocabulary and
Structure. (30 points)
one of the four alternatives which is closest in meaning to the underlined word
or phrase and mark the
1．Is it true that insulin can now be synthesized?
B. tested safely
D. taken orally
【解析】synthesize人工合成。句意：胰岛素现在是可以合成的吗？produce artificially人工合成。test safely安全测试。inject frequently经常注射。taken orally口服。
2．We could get no
information about what happened to the captives.
3．Judge Smith’s decisions are generally
regarded as equitable.
4．Let me reiterate my main point.
5．The present regime took over only
6．These ideas were denounced on
yesterday evening’s programme on TV.
7．They say that the government is subsidizing
the shipping industry.
A. trying to
B. helping to
C. starting to
D. continuing to
【解析】subsidize资助；补贴。句意：他们说，政府正在补贴航运业。help to support支持；帮助。try to destroy设法毁掉。start to develop开始发展。continue to operate继续运营。
8．We still must decide on beverages
for this evening.
A. things to eat
B. things to
C. things to
D. things to do
9．Smith expects his children to be inquisitive.
10．The main topic for discussion was Dr.
Soames’ objectionable comments.
one from the four alternatives that best completes the sentence and mark the corresponding
11．Living in central Australian desert has
its problems ______ obtaining water is not the least.
A. of which
D. in that
12．It isn’t cold enough for there ______ a
frost tonight, so I can leave Jim’s car out quite safely.
A. would be
D. to be
【解析】句意：今夜不会冷到霜冻的程度，所以我可以放心地把吉姆的车停在外面。“It isn’t cold enough for there”是句子的主干。“to be a frost tonight”这是句子的补语部分。“It is adj. for sth./sb. to do sth”常用句子结构。there是个代词，作介词for的宾语，指代tonight；而to be a frost是there这个宾语的补语部分，来补充说明there的情况或状态。
13．Scientists generally agree that the Earth’s climate will warm up
over the next 50 to 100 years ______ it has warmed in the 20000 years since the
A. as long as
B. as much as
C. as soon as
D. as well as
【解析】句意：科学家普遍认为在接下来的50到100年，地球的气温将会升高，其程度可以与从冰河世纪以来这两万年中气温上升的幅度不相上下。as much as（程度，幅度等）同样多。as long as只要。as soon as一……就。as well as和；以及。
14．How many of us ______, say, a meeting that is irrelevant to us
would be interested in the discussion?
C. to attend
【解析】句意：这么说吧，我们参加一个与自己毫不相关的会议时会有多少人对会上的讨论感兴趣呢？动词attend与被修饰词us之间存在主谓关系，根据句意可知是还没有参加会议，所以用现在分词表示主动意义。how many of us attending相当于how many of us will attend。
15．______ is generally accepted, economic growth is determined by
the smooth development of production.
16．It is believed that today’s pop music can serve as creative
force ______ stimulating the thinking of its listeners.
【解析】句意：人们认为流行音乐可以通过刺激听众的思维而成为一种创造性的力量。do sth. by doing sth.通过某种手段达到某种目的；常见表达。
17．Observations were made ______ the children at the beginning and
at the end of preschool and first grade.
observation on sth./sb.观察某事物/某人。
18．The number of registered participants
in this year’s marathon was half ______.
A. of last year’s
B. those of
C. of those of
D. that of last
【解析】句意：今年马拉松的报名参赛选手人数是去年的一半。that指代the number of registered
19．For there ______ successful communication, there must be
attentiveness and involvement in the discussion itself by all present.
B. to be
C. will be
20．There was a very interesting remark in the book by an Englishman
that I read recently ______ what he thought was a reason for this American
C. to give
【解析】句意：我最近读到的一个英国人的书中有一个非常有趣的评论，他认为这是美国特色的一个原因。分析句子结构可知，空格处应该修饰remark，填入现在分词giving做后置定语，表示主动意义。that引导定语从句，修饰a book。what引导的是名词从句，作giving的宾语，其中的he thought是插入语。
21．No one would have time to read or listen to an account of
everything ______ going on in the world.
A. it is
B. this is
C. there is
D. what is
【解析】句意：没有人会有时间去阅读或聆听关于世界上正在发生的一切事情的解释。空格处是一个定语从句，省略了that。完整形式为“No one would…everything there that is going on in the world”。
22．Andraw, my father’s younger brother, will not be at the picnic,
______ to the family’s disappointment.
C. too much
D. much more
【解析】句意：我爸爸的弟弟Andraw不能参加野餐了，令家人很失望。much修饰介词短语to the family’s
23．I would have gone to visit him in the hospital had it been at
all possible. But I ______ fully occupied the whole of last week.
B. had been
C. have been
24．Help will come from the UN, but the aid
will be ______ near what’s needed.
25．The chief reason for the population growth isn’t so much a rise
in birth rates ______ a fall in death rates as a result of improvements in
【解析】句意：人口增长的主要原因，与其说是出生率的增长，不如说是死亡率的降低，而死亡率的降低是医疗条件的改善引起的。not so much as sth.不如……多，与其说……不如说……，固定搭配。
26．He claims to be an expert in astronomy, but in actual fact he is
quite ignorant on the subject. ______ he knows about it is out of date and
A. What little
B. So much
C. How much
D. So little
【解析】句意：他声称自己是天文学专家，但事实上他对此很无知。他所知道的一点点已经过时而且毫不准确。what little he knows about it是主语从句，what在从句中还作定语，修饰little，意思是“所……的一点点”。
27．Although we feel dissatisfied with the election results, we have
to become reconciled ______ the decision made by our fellow countrymen.
【解析】句意：虽然我们对选举结果感到不满意，但我们必须听从我们国民的选择。reconcile to sth.顺从于……。
28．The article opens and closes with descriptions of two news
reports, each ______ one major point in contrast with the other.
C. to make
29．Just as the soil is part of the earth.
______ the atmosphere.
A. as it is
B. the same is
C. so is
D. and so is
as..., so...就像……一样，……也……，表示比较。在so引导的分句中往往省略一些句子成分，完整结构为so the atmosphere is a part of the earth。
30．______ can help but be fascinated by
the would into which he is taken by the science fiction.
II. Mistake spotting (10 points)
which underlined part is incorrect and mark the corresponding letter.
1．Allen has stated that he has always had a great
interest and admiration for the work of the British economist
A. has stated
B. has always
C. a great
interest and admiration
【解析】a great interest and admiration改为a great interest in and admiration。interest从通常与介词in搭配，表示“对……感兴趣”。
2．The Bunsen burner is so named because it is thought
to be invented by Robert Bunsen, who was German by birth.
B. it is thought
C. to be invented
【解析】to be invented改为to have been invented。“发明”这个动作发生在过去，并对现在有影响，所以用现在完成时。
3．Much although I have travelled, I have never seen anyone to
equal her in thoroughness, whatever the job.
A. Much although
B. to equal
D. the job
【解析】much although改为much as或much
4．The conveniences that Americans desire reflecting not so
much a leisurely lifestyle as a busy lifestyle in which even minutes of
time are too valuable to be wasted.
D. to be wasted
【解析】are改为is。minutes of time表示单数概念，谓语动词应该用单数形式。
5．In debating, one must correct the opponent’s facts, deny
the relevance of his proof or deny that what he presents as proof,
unless relevant, is sufficient.
6．The speaker claimed that no other modern nation devotes so
small a portion of its wealth to public assistance and health than
the United States does.
A. no other
B. so small
7．If individuals are awakened each time as they begin
a dream phase of sleep, they are likely to become irritable even though
their total amount of sleep has been sufficient.
A. are awakened
B. each time as
C. even though
D. has been
【解析】each time as去掉as。each
8．On the whole, ambitious students are much likely to
succeed in their studies than are those with little ambition.
A. On the whole
B. are much
C. are those
【解析】are much likely改为are more likely。根据后面出现的than一词可知这里表示比较，所以应该用more。
9．In this way these insects show an efficient use of their sound-produced
ability, organizing two sounds delivered at a high rate as one call.
10．For him to be reelected, what is essential is not that
his policy works, but that the public believe that it is.
A. to be
C. but that
III. Cloze test (10 points)
Directions: Fill in
each underlined space with one word that best suits the context of the
The first and
smallest unit that can be discussed in language is the word. In speaking, the
choice of words is (1) the utmost importance.
Proper selection will eliminate one source of (2) breakdown
in the communication cycle. Too often, careless use of words (3)
a meeting of the minds of the speaker and listener. The words used by
the speaker may (4) unfavorable reactions in the
listener (5) interfere with his comprehension;
hence, the transmission-reception system breaks down.
(6) , inaccurate or indefinite words may make
(7) difficult for the listener to understand the
(8) which is being transmitted to him. The
speaker who does not have specific words in his working vocabulary may be (9)
to explain or describe in a (10) that
can be understood by his listeners.
（be of utmost importance相当于be very important，意为“十分重要的”。）
（be unable to do sth.不能做某事。这里表达的意思是：那些在他的词语库里没有具体的词语的表达者将不可能以他的聆听者能听懂的方式解释或表达。）
IV. Translation from
English into Chinese. (15 points)
The ideas and
concepts most important to our everyday lives are largely unscientific; their
correctness or incorrectness cannot be determined in the laboratory.
Interestingly enough, it seems that everybody honestly believes that his own
ideas about the rightness or wrongness of things are correct, and that almost
everybody is acquainted with people who hold completely opposite views-so the
ideas of some (or all) must be incorrect. How do you know whether or not you
are one of those holding erroneous beliefs? There is a test. Before you can be
reasonably convinced that you are right about a particular idea, you should be
sure that you understand the objections and the positions of you most
articulate antagonists. You must find out whether your views are supported by a
sound knowledge of opposing ideas or by your misconceptions of opposing ideas.
You made this distinction by seeing whether or not you can state the objections
and positions of your opposition to their satisfaction. Even if you can
successfully do this, you cannot be absolutely certain of being right about
your own ideas, but the possibility of being right is considerably higher than
if you cannot pass this test. The person who can state his antagonist’s point
of view to the satisfaction of his antagonist is more likely to be correct in
his own beliefs than the person who cannot.
V. Translation from
Chinese into English. (20 points)
More than three
centuries ago a handful of pioneers crossed the ocean to Jamestown and Plymouth
in search of freedoms they were unable to find in their own countries, the
freedoms we still cherish today: freedom from want, freedom from fear, freedom
of speech, freedom of religion. Today the descendants
of the early settlers, and those who have joined them since, are fighting to
protect these freedoms at home and throughout the world.
And yet there is
a fifth freedom-basic to those four-that we are in danger of losing: the
freedom to be one’s best. No one grasped you by the shoulder while there was
still time; and nought will awaken in you the sleeping poet or musician or
astronomer that possibly inhabited you from the beginning. The freedom to be
one’s best is the chance for the development of each person to his highest
VI. Writing. (15 points)
Directions: Write a
composition of about 200 words on the topic “The qualifications of a young
When it comes to
the question what makes a qualified young scholar, there are three main
qualities can account for a good scholar: innovative, critical and honest.
To begin with, a
qualified young scholar is the one who embrace the quality of being innovative.
As we all know, innovation is the spirit of human being’s progress. Only those
who are innovative can make continuous progress and maintain a competitive edge
in the research field. Therefore, young scholars are encouraged to be
innovative and should always bear in mind that the consciousness of innovation
is of great significance to either scientific or literary development.
being critical plays an important role in making a qualified scholar. True
research demands new ideas, perspectives, and arguments based on willingness
and confidence to revisit and directly challenge existing schools of thought
and established positions on theories and accepted codes of practice. Success
comes from a recursive approach to the research question with an iterative
refinement based on constant reflection and revision. The importance of
critical thinking skills in research is therefore huge, without which
researchers may even lack the confidence to challenge their own assumptions.
Last but not
least, the qualification of being honest can’t be ignored. In a sense, if life
is a long journey, honesty will be the backpack that should be taken along all
the way. As for young scholars, it’s important to be honest with one’s own
findings. Plagiarism in research will bring him or her anywhere. We may get
short-term benefits by dishonest means, but the truth will come out sooner or
later and the cost is high. So remember: honest is the best policy.
To sum up, being
innovation, critical and honest can make a qualified one out the young