[电子书]杭州师范大学815翻译与写作历年考研真题答案详解

杭州师范大学815翻译与写作历年考研真题答案详解
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2013年杭州师范大学815翻译与写作考研真题

考试科目名称:翻译与写作

考试科目代码:815

说明:考生答题时一律写在答题纸上,否则漏批责任自负。

I. Translate the following passage from Englishinto Chinese. (40分)

All these assetshave lured people to those areas tired of typical city or modern village. Thepeople looking for the timeless values in the beauty of nature and in thepreserved culture of the site. The less affluent have become more attractivecustomers. Agritourism came to burgeon anew. Agritourist businesses emerged,the symbols of which became, for instance, the stork, the bird that always wasan inseparable companion of Polish agricultural landscape.

The ecologicalapproach to life has enlivened agricultural economy and allowed traditionallandscape to survive. Ecological farming has gained widespread popularity, as hasits associated ecotourism. It became apparent that in small-size counties andvillages the locals have more to offer than large agglomerations have. This byno means caused depopulation of towns but indeed called attention to the valueof the landscape—both aesthetic and functional ones.

From theconservator’s standpoint only partly are we able to influence the changesoccurring in the landscape including agricultural landscape. This is feasibleby setting up landscape protection zones. The zones can secure vistas, guard againstdefacing of landscape by building developments. The conservation protectionzones, thanks to their requirements permit old timber developments of Polishvillage to survive. It is not, however, where lies the major problem ofprotection and preservation of historic agricultural landscape.

II. Translate the following passage from Chineseinto English. (40分)

大运河,一条宽广的河,三千里古道去留无意,写尽神州秀山丽水、高天厚土;拱宸桥,一座挺拔的桥,四百年沧桑荣辱不惊,看遍华夏潮起潮落,云卷云舒。

古运河边,拱宸桥畔,静静地矗立着一所百年老校,大仙庙的悠悠钟声敲响了它的第一堂课,千年运河水滋润了一代代学子柔软的心灵,它就是杭州市拱宸桥小学,这里的人们亲切地称它为“拱小”。

百年拱小,风景这边独好。近年来,这所古老的小学以跨越式的发展,书写了一个“平民小学”的教育传奇。名不见经传的拱小,一跃成为杭城百姓心中的名校。到过这里的人们都说:真实的拱小,远比传说中的更加令人惊叹!

III. Please write in English at least 400 words a commentaryessay on the following statement: Howto solve the housing problem in big cities. Pay attention to the focus of your theme,development of ideas, origination of structures and choice of dictions.(40分)

IV. Please write in Chinese at least 800 words .an argumentativeessay on the following statement:创新与语言研究. Pay attention to the focus of your theme,development of ideas, origination of structures and choice of dictions.(30分)