Test Paper 1
Part I Reading
Direction: There are
6 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or
unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C),
and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 1 to 5 are
based on the following passage.
known as the King of Steel, built the steel industry in the United States, and in
the process, became one of the wealthiest men in America. His success
resulted in part from his ability to sell the product and in part from his
policy of expanding during periods of economic decline, when most of his
competitors were reducing toll investments.
believed that individuals should progress through hard work, but he also felt
strongly that the wealthy should use their fortunes for the benefit of society.
He opposed charity, preferring instead to provide educational opportunities
that would allow others to help themselves. “He who dies rich, dies disgraced.”
he often said.
Among his more
noteworthy contributions to society are those that bear his names, including
the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh, which has a library, a museum of fine
arts, and a museum of national history. He also founded a school of technology
that is now part of Carnegie Mellon University. Other generous gifts he gave to
society are the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace to promote
understanding between nations, the Carnegie Institute of Washington to fund
scientific research, and Carnegie Hall to provide a center for the arts.
have been left untouched by Andrew Carnegie’s generosity. His contributions of more
than five million dollars established 2,500 libraries in small communities
throughout the country and formed the nucleus of the public library system dial
we all enjoy today.
1．Andrew Carnegie made his fortunes in
2．According to Andrew Carnegie, the
wealthy are obliged to _____.
A. donate money
education opportunities to the needy
scientific research centers
generous gifts to society
3．Which of the following statements is
A. Only some of
his contributions were named after him.
B. All of his
noteworthy contributions to society bear his names.
C. Some of the
schools he founded have become universities.
D. All of his
contributions are noteworthy.
4．“He who dies rich, dies disgraced” in
Line 4, Para. 2 means _____.
A. a wealthy man
will always die in disgrace
B. wealth will
bring disgrace to a man when he dies
C. an affluent
man will die in shame unless he has contributed to society
D. if a man gets
rich when he dies, he will be put to shame
5．Virtually all Americans have _____.
from Andrew Carnegie’ contributions
B. been deeply
moved by his generosity
C. gained access
to small community libraries
D. formed the
nucleus of the public library system
Questions 6 to 10 are
based on the following passage.
When a man
works it is a matter of life and death, and as a rule, the first years of his
life are decisive. Any man of twenty-five who is not well on his way up the
ladder can be considered a hopeless case. At this
Mage, all his abilities are being developed, and the fight with his competitors
is a fight to the death. Behind a mask of business friendship, be is constantly
on the watch for any sign of superiority in one of his associates, and he will
note its appearance with anxiety. If this same associate shows signs of
weakness or indecision, it must be taken advantage of at once. Yet man is only
a tiny cog in a gigantic business machine, he himself being in effect exploited
at every turn. When he drives others, he drives himself most of all. His orders
arc really orders from above, passed on by him. If the men at the top
occasionally take time to praise him, it is not in order to make him happy; it
is only to spur him on, to stimulate him to greater effort. For man, who was
brought up to be proud and honorable, every working day is merely an endless
series of humiliations. He shows enthusiasm for products he finds useless, he
laughs at jokes he finds tasteless, he expresses opinions which are not his own.
Not for a moment is he allowed to forget that the merest oversight may mean
demotion, that one slip of the tongue may spell the end of his career.
6．When man finds his colleague better than
he is, he will feel _____.
7．Although men are taught to be proud and
honorable, their work gives them nothing but _____.
8．Which of the following statements is
A. Men’s bosses
may take time to praise him only in order to make greater profits out of him.
B. Men have
enthusiasm for their work.
C. Men cherish
their friendship with their workmates.
D. It simply does
not matter if men happen to say the wrong thing while working.
9．Which of the following is closest in
meaning to the word “demotion” in the last sentence?
10．Which of the following may be the most
suitable title for this passage?
A. Men’s Mask
B. Men Arc
C. Work Is a
Matter of Life and Death for Men.
D. Men’s Relationships
with His Associates and Superiors.
Questions 11 to 15 are based
on the following passage.
fertility rate is now 1.8 per cent. This is well below replacement level, a fact
which is beginning to cause some alarm among social policy experts,
particularly those who recognize the link between population growth and the sustainability
of social welfare policies which are funded by taxation.
are now less likely to marry and far less likely to have children. The
Australian Bureau of Statistics reported last year that 27 per cent of women
would now not give birth at all. And if women do have children, the number of births
will be fewer than at any other stage in history. Many more adults thin ever
before are now living alone.
as to why this is the ease. Two recent reports offer some clues. The social
Policy Research Center at the University of New South Wales has just released
its report which took over two years to complete and is a national first. Among
other things, it showed that Australia’s welfare budget of $42billion fails to
provide basic living standards for some of the poorest families.
demonstrated that a child will have cost about $130,000 by its 14th
birthday. Combining this research with work previously done by Professor Peter
McDonald on foregone earnings—which were estimated for the period at 700,000 is
11．What is worrying social experts is that
A. the birth rate
and the death rate go hand in hand
B. the birth
rate and the death rite are out of balance
C. the birth rate
population grows with the sustainability of social welfare policies
12．One of the reasons for the current
Australia’s fertility rate is _____.
A. women do not
want to have babies
B. women can’t
find their Mr. Right
13．When it comes to why the birth rate has
A. there is a
consensus on it
B. there is a
controversy surrounding it
C. nothing has
been found so far
D. only the
poor women refuse to give birth to babies
14．Which of the following statements is
A. Little is
known about the cause of the drop in the fertility rote.
B. Much research
has been conducted on the present birth rate.
C. The drop in
the birth rate is a political issue.
D. Reports on
the factors contributing to the current fertility rate are rare.
15．What is chiefly responsible for the
drop in the birth rate?
A. Women refuse
to have babies.
B. Man has a
longer life span.
is an expensive matter.
D. Something is
wrong with the social welfare policies.
Questions16 to 20are
based on the following passage.
as a surgeon for several years, Dr. Johnson decided to apply for membership in the
American College of Surgeons, a highly selective and distinguished professional
As part of the
application procedure, Dr. Johnson was asked to prepare a list of all the
operations performed in the previous seven years. Slowly, as she worked on the long
list, she began to feel uncertain. She began to question some of her decisions.
Had she used the best technique in that ease? Maybe, in this ease, she would
have run one more test before the operation? On the other hand, maybe she would
have...Would the doctors on the selection committee understand that, as the only
trained surgeon in the area, she usually could not get advice from others and therefore,
had to rely completely on her own judgment? For the first time, Dr. Johnson
felt lonely and isolated.
The longer Dr.
Johnson worked on the application forms, the more depressed she became. As hope
faded, she wondered if a “country (factor” had a realistic chance of being
accepted by the American College of Surgeons.
16．Where did Dr. Johnson work?
A. A large
B. The American
College of Surgeons.
C. An area far
from any big city.
D. A selective
17．What must the application forms
A. A record of
all the operations.
B. The decision
C. The best
D. A list of
advice and judgments.
18．It was most probable that Dr. Johnson was
A. a well-trained
B. a member in
distinguished surgeon in America
D. a graduate
from the American College of Surgeons
19．When she was filling the application
forms, Dr. Johnson began to be_____.
20．When filling the forms. Dr. Johnson
felt depressed because _____.
A. she didn’t
perform enough operations
operations were unsuccessful
C. she didn’t
get advice from the selective committee
D. she was doubtful
about her operations
Questions 21 to 25 are
based on the following passage.
The qualities of
leadership are almost constant the world over. If you would like to become
president of your class, school, or student council, you must first demonstrate
that you have the potentials of leadership.
For one thing,
you must show that you are interested in your school and in your fellow
students. In practical terms, this means taking an active part in school
activities. It means joining clubs, attending dances and other social
functions, and going out for athletics—if you arc athletic.
consciously strive to overcome shyness by going out to meet people, you will
find yourself at the same time developing mother quality of leadership-understanding.
As your circle of friends and contacts widens you will get to know your
schoolmates better. Because you are no longer so concerned with your own
feelings, you will begin to respect and take into account the feelings of
Another quality of
leadership which you can develop is willingness to do a bit extra. If you are
expected to sell ten tickets to a dance, for example, and sell fifteen, you
have proved your interest and your effort to make your organization successful.
Once you acquire the reputation of always doing a little more than
expected, your fellow students will be willing to trust you with greater
21．What is the passage chiefly concerned
A. How a person
can develop qualities of leadership.
B. Various ways
a good leader can make friends and influence people.
responsibilities of leadership.
D. Why many
people are not good leaders.
22．The author feels that a prospective leader
should attend school dances to _____.
A. prove that
he is the best dancer in the school
B. show his
interest in school activities
C. overcome his
D. learn how to
23．The author apparently feels that a
person who is not athletic _____.
A. should go
out for athletics anyway
definitely not interested in school elections
C. has no
chance of becoming a leader
participate in other school activities
24．According to the author, what does understanding
of others lead to?
A. Respects for
to do a bit extra.
of one’s own feelings.
25．The author feels that _____.
A. a person is
born with imagination
can be developed
C. some people
have no imagination
prevents one from thinking hard
Questions 26 to 30 are
based on the follow lug passage.
population ages, there is a decrease in the relative percentage of younger
people. In human terms, this means that there are fewer children to take care
of parents and grandparents. This increases the risk of social and emotional
isolation of older adults in a society. Under normal circumstances, an elderly
couple who have anywhere between four to twelve children will never suffer from
loneliness. As a general rule, a large family constituted a sure guarantee
that one would be supported emotionally and financially in one’s old age.
In rural communities throughout the world, this meant that three generations of
the some family would inevitably live under the same roof or very close to each
other. Drops in birth rates and economic circumstances (both opulence and
poverty) have already placed this way of life in jeopardy in many parts of the
world. By 1995 in Canada, only 12% of Canadian seniors lived with their
children as part of an extended family. Even in urban China, where housing
conditions and the centuries-old adage “Never travel far from your old parents”
have kept the family unit much tighter, more elderly couples are living on
26．What does the sentence ‘‘there is a decrease in the relative
percentage of younger people” in Line 1 mean?
A. The number
of young people has dropped.
B. The number
of young people has increased.
C. The ratio of
the old and the young has changed.
percentage of older adults has risen.
27．Aging population tends to give rise to
C. social problems
D. isolation of
the older adults in a variety of ways
28．It is stated in the passage that _____.
families used to be common place in Canada
families prevail in some parts of the world
C. people in the country across the world used to have three
generations live together or close to each other
D. the more
children old people have, the less likely they are to live alone
29．It can be safely concluded that _____.
A. many older
adults in cities live with their children in China than elsewhere
B. more seniors
live in an extended family than elsewhere
C. Chinese take
the best care of their parents in the world
D. the problem
of the old is merely regional
30．The most suitable title for this
passage is _____.
of the Old and Aging Populations
B. The Drop in
the Birth Rate
C. The Old in
the Urban Areas
D. The Old in
the Rural Areas
Part II Vocabulary
and Structure (20%)
Directions: There are
40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence then are four choices
marked A), B), C), and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the
sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single
line through the centre.
31．Without proper lessons, you could _____
a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.
A. keep up
B. pick up
C. draw up
D. catch up
32 The man was _____ one meter fifty high.
A. almost more
B. hardly more
C. nearly more
D. as much as
33．_____ I don’t need to say how important
this project is.
34．The judge believed that Paul, for some
reason, had _____ the truth.
A. kept up
B. kept from
C. left off
D. held back
35．The concert hall was not big enough and
the audience _____ it into the street.
36．The infection _____seriously the baby’s
37．What the old man said always _____ my
C. dwells in
D. holds in
38．Don’t carry your grief _____ excess.
39．After a few rounds of talks, both sides
regarded the territory dispute _____.
B. to be
C. had settled
D. as settled
40 How to build up health is an issue of
41．He was openly _____ of his elder
42．What they have been doing is
inconsistent _____ the government’s domestic policy.
43．There is a group in the party
sympathetic _____ our aims.
44．Mountain villages are completely _____
45．This commission is surely subordinate
_____ the Security Council.
46．A love marriage, however, does not necessarily _____ much
sharing of interests and responsibilities.
A. take over
B. result in
C. hold on
D. keep to
47．Our son doesn’t know what to _____ at the university; he can’t
make up his mind about his future.
A. take in
B. take up
C. take over
D. take off
48．_____ as a kind of art form, toys are
not characterized by technological progress.
C. With regard
49．The products made in this country are inferior
_____ those in that country.
50．Most students try their best to _____
the expectations of their parents.
A. dwell on
B. live through
C. live on
D. live up to
51．Having a fever, the girl was _____ to
the house for 3 days.
52．He has an amazing _____ of interests
and rich experience.
53．The student reviewed her homework
carefully to ____ all the spelling mistakes from it.
54．The prospect of working under a woman
_____ the ultimate indignity.
55．Beautiful women are prone to be prejudiced _____ when hunting
for a managerial post.
C. in favor
56．I appreciated _____ the opportunity to
work in Japan three years ago.
A. having been
B. having given
C. to have
D. to have been
57．Compact discs _____ at high speed in
order to reduce sound distortion.
58．Ann accepted the instructor’s advice to
spend more time on something _____ researching into.
59．The refugees, all _____ had been
damaged by the war, were given help by the Red Cross.
A. their homes
B. whose homes
C. of whose
D. of their
60．He caught a timber rattlesnake, which is now extinct in two
eastern states in which it once _____.
D. died out
61．Doctor Smith can hardly find sufficient grounds _____ his
assumptions in favor of the new theory.
A. which to
B. on which to
C. to base on
D. which to be
62．So many students went to the campus doctor before the exam that
there seemed to be an _____ of exam-it is.
63．There seems to be a _____ between the arrival of the letter and
his abrupt departure shortly afterwards.
64．_____ the sports meeting in the
weekend, I would have gone to Shanghai last Saturday.
A. But for
B. In spite of
C. Because of
D. As for
65．I don’t mind _____ the task as long as
it is not too late.
A. him to delay
B. his delaying
C. his delaying
D. him delay to
66．Fuel taxes were reduced, _____ industry
from the effects of the rise in oil prices.
67．It is difficult for someone who’s been
a stage actress to make the _____ to television.
68．Working abroad should be an exciting
and _____ experience for all concerned.
69．Patients can usually move without _____
within a few weeks of the operations.
70．The political _____ in this country is
enforced by terror.
Part III Cloze
Directions: There are
10 blanks in the following passage. You should chaos ONE that best fits into
the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a
single line through the centre.
Today the world’s
economy is going through two great changes, both bigger than an Asian financial
crisis here or a European monetary union there.
The first change
is that a lot of industrial production is moving from the United States,
Western Europe and Japan to developing countries in Latin America, South-East
Asia and Eastern Europe. In 1950, the United States alone 71
for more than half of the world’s economy output. In 1990, its 72
was down to a quarter. By 1990, 40% of IBM’s employees were
non-Americans; Whirlpool, America’s leading 73 of
domestic appliances, cut its American labor force by 10%. Quite soon now, many
big western companies will have more 74 (and
customers) in poor countries than in rich ones.
The second great
change is that, in the rich countries of the OECD, the balance of economic
activity is swinging from manufacturing to 75 .
In the United States and Britain, the 76 of workers
in manufacturing has 77 since 1900 from around
40% to barely half that. Even in Germany and Japan, which rebuilt so many 78
after 1945, manufacturing’s share of jobs is now below 30%. The
effect of the shift is increased if manufacturing moves from rich countries to
the developing ones, whose cheap labor 79 them a
sharp advantage in many of the 80 tasks required
by mass production.
B. is giving
Test Paper 2
Part IV Translation
Directions: In this
part, there are five sentences which you should translate in Chinese. These
sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read in Part I.
You should refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
Put your translations on the Answer Sheet.
His success resulted in part from his
ability to sell the product and in part from his policy of expanding during
periods of economic decline, when most of his competitors were reducing their
When a man works it is a matter of life and
death, and as a rule, the first years of h life are decisive. Any man of
twenty-five who is not well on his way up the ladder can be considered a hopeless
Combining this research with work
previously done by Professor Peter McDonald on foregone earnings—which were
estimated for the period at $570,000—the astonishing total of $700,000 is
If you are expected to sell ten tickets to
a dance, for example, and sell fifteen, you have proved your interest and your effort
to make your organization successful.
As a general rule, a large family constituted
a sure guarantee that one would be supported emotionally and financially in one’s
Part V Short Answer
Directions: In this
part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements.
Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the
statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words). Write your
answer on the Answer Sheet.
and Rachel Brown co-patented one of the most widely acclaimed wonder drugs of
the post-Second World War years. Hazen and Brown’s work was stimulated by the
wartime need to find a cure for the fungus infections that afflicted many
military personnel. Scientists had been feverishly searching for an antibiotic
toxic enough to kill the fungi but safe enough for human use, since, unfortunately,
the new “wonder drugs” such as penicillin and streptomycin killed the very
bacteria in the body that controlled the fungi. It was to discover a fungicide
without that double effect that Brown, of New York State’s Department of Health
Laboratories at Albany, and Hazen, senior microbiologist at the Department of
Health in New York, began their long-distance collaboration. Based upon Hazen’s
previous research at Columbia University, where she had built an impressive
collection of fungus cultures, both were convinced that an antifungal organism
already existed in certain soils.
They divided the
work. Hazen methodically screened and cultured scores of soil samples, which
she then sent to her partner, who prepared extracts, isolated and purified
active agents, and shipped them back to New York, where Hazen could study their
biological properties. On a 1948 vacation, Hazen fortuitously collected a clump
of soil from the edge of W.B. Nourse’s cow pasture in Fauquier County,
Virginia, that, when tested, revealed the presence of the microorganisms. In
farm owner Nourse’s honor, Hazen named it Streptomyces noursei, and within a
year the two scientists knew that the properties of their substance
distinguished it from previously described antibiotics. After further research
they eventually reduced their substance to a fine, yellow powder, which they
first named “fungicide.” Then renamed “nystatin” (to honor the New York State
laboratory) when they learned the previous name was already in use. Of their
major discovery, Brown said lightly that it simply illustrated “how
unpredictable consequences can come from rather modest beginnings.”
86．What is the main idea of the passage?
87．What is a fungicide?
88．How does nystatin differ from other
drugs like penicillin?
89．What did Rachel Brown mean by saying
“how unpredictable consequences can come from rather modest beginnings”?
90．The reason for the author to mention
W.B. Nourse is that _____.
Part VI Writing
Directions: For this
part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My View on
Women’s Roles in the Modern Society. You should write at least 150 words and
you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
Write your composition on the Answer Sheet.