[电子书]中国海洋大学357英语翻译基础历年考研真题答案详解

中国海洋大学357英语翻译基础历年考研真题答案详解
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2010年中国海洋大学357英语翻译基础考研真题及详解

I. Directions: Translate the following words, abbreviations or terminology intotheir target language respectively. There are altogether 30 items in this partof the test, 15 in English and 15 in Chinese, with one point for each. (30points;30’)

1.AI

【答案】人工智能(artificial intelligence)查看答案

2.IQ

【答案】智商(intelligence quotient)查看答案

3.CPI

【答案】消费物价指数(Consumer Price Index)查看答案

4.IOC

【答案】国际奥林匹克委员会(International Olympic Committee)查看答案

5.GPS

【答案】全球定位系统(Global Position System)查看答案

6.APEC

【答案】亚太经贸合作组织(Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)查看答案

7.ISBN

【答案】国际标准图书编号(International Standard Book Number)查看答案

8.NASA

【答案】美国国家航空航天局(National Aeronautics AndSpace Administration)查看答案

9.SOHO

【答案】在家上班族(Small Office/Home Office)查看答案

10.The U.S Chamber of Commerce

【答案】美国商会查看答案

11.the Best Dubbing Award

【答案】最佳配音奖查看答案

12.European Monetary System

【答案】欧洲货币体系查看答案

13.International Atomic Energy Agency

【答案】国际原子能机构查看答案

14.World Intellectual Property Organization

【答案】世界知识产权组织查看答案

15.Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of NuclearWeapons

【答案】不扩散核武器条约查看答案

16.联合声明

【答案】joint declaration查看答案

17.高等教育

【答案】higher education查看答案

18.虚拟社区

【答案】virtual community查看答案

19.外汇储备

【答案】foreign exchange reserve查看答案

20.网络黑客

【答案】Hacker查看答案

21.同声传译

【答案】simultaneous interpretation查看答案

22.扩大内需

【答案】expand domestic demand查看答案

23.资本市场

【答案】capital market查看答案

24.体育彩票

【答案】sports lottery查看答案

25.外交惯例

【答案】diplomatic practice查看答案

26.求同存异

【答案】put aside minor differences so as to seek common ground查看答案

27.一次性筷子

【答案】disposable chopsticks查看答案

28.平等互利原则

【答案】principle of equality and mutual benefit查看答案

29.奥运火炬传递

【答案】Olympic Torch Relay 查看答案

30.维护香港的繁荣和稳定

【答案】maintain stability and prosperity of Hong Kong查看答案

II Directions: Translate the following two source texts into their targetlanguage respectively. (120points; 150’)

Source Text 1 (60 points):

A person, like acommodity, needs packaging. But going too far is absolutely undesirable. Alittle exaggeration, however, does no harm when it shows the person’s uniquequalities to their advantage. To display personal charm in a casual and naturalway, it is important for one to have a clear knowledge of oneself. A masterpackager knows how to integrate art and nature without any traces ofembellishment, so that the person so packaged is no commodity but a humanbeing, lively and lovely.

A young person,especially a female, radiant with beauty and full of life, has all the favorgranted by God. Any attempt to make up would be self-defeating. Youth, however,comes and goes in a moment of doze. Packaging for the middle aged is primarilyto conceal the furrows ploughed by time. If you still enjoy life’s exuberance enoughto retain self-confidence and pursue pioneering work, you are unique in your naturalqualities, and your charm and grace will remain. Elderly people are beautiful iftheir river of life has been, through plains, mountains and jungles, runningits course as it should. You have really lived your life which now arrives at acomplacent stage of serenity indifferent to fame or wealth. There is no need toresort to hair-dyeing, the snow-capped mountain is itself a beautiful scene offairyland. Let your looks change from young to old synchronizing with thenatural aging process so as to keep in harmony with nature, for harmony itselfis beauty, while the other way round will only end in unpleasantness. To be inthe elder’s company is like reading a thick book of deluxe edition thatfascinates one so much as to be reluctant to part with. As long as one findswhere one stands, one knows how to package oneself, just as a commodityestablishes its brand by the right packaging. (328 words)

【Key words】 embellishment 修饰  deluxe edition 精装版

【参考译文】

人如商品要包装,但切忌过分包装。然而,当它显示出一个人的优点时,一点夸张的包装也不会有坏处。要以一种随意而自然的方式展现个人魅力,重要的是要对自己有一个清晰的认识。一个包装大师知道如何在没有任何修饰的痕迹的情况下将艺术和自然相融,这样包装的人不是商品,而是活生生的人,活泼而可爱。

青年有着充盈的生命的底气,她亮丽诱人,这是上帝赐予的神采,任何涂抹都是多余的败笔,青春是个打个盹就过去的东西。中年的包装主要是掩盖住岁月流过的痕迹。如果你依然能够享受丰富自信的生活并追求前沿的工作,你的气质定会独特不凡,风韵依然。当生命之河一一经历了平原、高山和树林,老年人便会是美丽的。你的生活达到了一种宁静的境界,淡泊名利、与世无争。无需去染黑头发,因为那满头如学的白发正是一种仙境之美。人该年轻时就年轻,该年老时就年老,这是与自然同步,这就是和谐。和谐就是美,反之就是丑。和老年人在一起就像读一本厚厚的精装书,魅力无穷,令人爱不释手。一个人只要知道自己所处的位置,他就会知道如何包装自己。就如商品一样,品牌的树立靠的是正确的包装。

Source Text 2 (60 points):

国家主席胡锦涛5月6日下午在人民大会堂会见了以校长理查德·莱文为团长的美国耶鲁大学百名师生代表团,与他们合影留念并发表了热情洋溢的讲话。胡锦涛首先代表中国政府和人民向远道而来的耶鲁大学的老师和青年朋友们表示热烈欢迎。他说,青年是世界的未来。当代青年,不仅肩负着开创本国人民美好未来的使命,而且肩负着开创世界人民美好未来的使命。加强中美两国青年交流,有利于两国青年相互学习和借鉴,有利于促进两国人民的相互了解和友谊,有利于推动两国关系健康稳定发展。胡锦涛希望耶鲁大学的老师和青年朋友们在中国多走走,多看看,亲身感受中国、深入了解中国、全面认识中国,同中国广大青年加强交流、增进友谊。携手并进、共创未来,为中美友好事业的发展做出宝贵贡献。(317 words)

【关键词】代表团representative group理查德·莱文Richard Levin

【参考译文】

On May 6thafternoon, Chinese President Hu Jintao met with a representative group of 100teachers and students lead by Headmaster Richard Levin from Yale University inthe United States at the Great Hall of the People, taking pictures with themand delivering a warm speech. President Hu Jintao extended a warm welcome toYale University teachers and young friends on behalf of the Chinese governmentand people. He said that youth is the future of the world. Contemporary youth shoulderthe mission of creating a bright future not only for their own people, but forthe people of the world. Strengthening the youth exchanges between China andthe United States is beneficial to mutual learning and reference from bothyoung people, which is conducive to promoting mutual understanding andfriendship between the two peoples and promoting the healthy and stabledevelopment of bilateral relations. Hu Jintao hoped that teachers and youngfriends from Yale University in China could go around to visit more places andfeel China in personal, to understand China deeply and comprehensively, to communicateand enhance friendship with Chinese young people, to go hand in hand to createa better future and make valuable contributions to the development of Sino-USfriendship.