I. Vocabulary (20′)
Directions: Choose the one answer that best explains the
underlined word or phrase in the sentence. Write your answers on the ANSWER
1．U.S. President Barack Obama announced plans to scrap the controversial missile defense
program in Eastern Europe on September 18.
entered their third day of a building takeover at UC Santa Cruz on Saturday in
protest of a tuition increase, an undertaking that a school spokesman called futile.
3．He said Clinton met for three hours and 15 minutes with the North Korean leader but said he did
not know what issues were discussed. But he said Clinton’s views on a verifiable
denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula are well-known.
negotiating habit is to make promises to win concessions, and then
renege on those promises.
B. silly image
C. loud holler
5．The CDC also
said 21 more deaths from H1N1 were reported in the past week, bringing the official
toll of pediatric H1N1 deaths in the United States to 171.
A. clinical H1N1
C. reported H1N1
B. children H1N1
D. tallied H1N1
6．A new Michael
Jackson show offers an eye-popping look at the King of pop’s extravagant
lifestyle and peculiar private tastes.
7．At the dawn
of the G8 summit in early June that year, Putin likewise gave a stark
warning on the U.S. deployment of missile interceptors in Eastern Europe.
8．We saw the stampede
at a Wal-Mart store in New York last year on Black Friday that led to an
employee’s death," said Burt Flickinger, managing director of consulting
firm Strategic Resource Group.
A. frenzied rush
of panic-stricken animals
B. headlong rush
or flight of a crowd of people
C. sudden action
taken by a group of people
D. impulse on
which people act
【解析】句意：咨询公司Strategic Resource Group的总经理表示：“我们目睹了去年黑色星期五发生在纽约一家沃尔玛分店的踩踏事件，那次事件直接导致了一名店员的死亡”。stampede此处指“人群的蜂拥”，因此B项“人群拼命前涌或仓皇奔逃”是对该词含义的正确解释。headlong头向前地；急速地。flight逃避；躲开。
debut album "I Dreamed a Dream" is the most pre-ordered CD in
C. farewell to
D. first public
Without Borders said it has been outspoken in criticizing "the culture of impunity
and violence in the Philippines, especially Mindanao."
C. exception of
11．The United States has yet to recognize China as a market economy, despite its vows to "work toward
China’s market economy status in an expeditious manner" months ago,
killed at least 26 people and injured about 100, but there was no immediate
word on who or what group might have been behind the action.
A. doomed plane
Copenhagen UN summit—between 7-18 December—aims to draw up a treaty to succeed the 1997 Kyoto Protocol,
although observers say this is unlikely.
years, the bureaucratization of China’s higher education and the obsession
with power among professors have increasingly concerned the public.
B. tolerance of
D. phobia for
transportation activity, of which the passengers are a part, breaks the law. In
this sense, the passengers must be held accountable.
for being taken into account
for the explanation
for the action
for the consequence
【解析】句意：此次运输触犯了法律，而乘客作为该活动的一部分，在这一层面上，乘客们对此活动同样负有责任。accountable指“负有责任的”。responsible for the action“对行为承担责任”。这一句主要讲就违法的运输活动负责任，这两个意义相近，可互相替换。legitimate for being taken into account将其考虑在内是合理的。responsible for the
explanation对解释承担责任的。responsible for the consequences对后果承担责任的。
demand for cheaply priced Chinese goods has shriveled as the economic
crisis discourages U.S. consumers from spending.
C. soared up
【解析】句意：受经济危机的影响，美国消费者对于价格低廉的中国产品的巨大需求出现了下滑。shrivel（使）枯萎；（使）干枯；（使）皱缩。dwindle减少，变小，缩小。disclose公开；揭露。remain stable保持稳定。soar up急速上涨。
17．The latest conundrum
is that factories cannot find enough workers to resume full capacity as orders
are so outrageous that they don’t deserve any response.
19．In April 2009,
Pyongyang announced its withdrawal from the talks following the UN Security
Council’s unanimous decision to condemn its alleged satellite launch.
20．Day by day,
the relentless protests have become the most serious challenge to
Milosevic in nine years in power.
II. Grammar (10′)
Directions: In each of the following sentences there are
four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the part that is
grammatically incorrect. Write your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.
grammatical words which play so large a part English grammar are for
the most part sharply and obviously different from the
A. play so large
B. for the most
C. sharply and
a part in短语，意为“对…有影响，发挥作用”。
2．As humankind moves
into the third millennium, it can rightful claim to have broken
new ground in its age-old quest to master the environment.
A. moves into
C. to have broken
great impediments to the general use of a standard in pronunciation
comparable to those existing in spelling.
A. moves into
C. to have
【解析】根据句中的两个in，可知本句比较的是拼写和发音的general use of a standard，因此D项所对应的画线部分应以that来代替the
general use of a standard。
equal to other things, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure
to succeed more rapidly than a man whose command of language is poor.
A. Being equal
to other things
C. more rapidly
【解析】本句指“其他方面若都相同，善于表达自己观点的人，相比语言表达能力差的人能更快获得成功”，因此逗号前应改为独立主格结构Other things being equal。
persons arrested and accused with a crime are guilty, and the
main function of criminal courts is to determine who is guilty under the law.
A. Not all
B. accused with
D. under the law
【解析】be accused of为固定搭配，指“被起诉，被指控”，因此B项所对应画线部分中with应改为of。
insurance, before available only to young, healthy persons, can now be
obtained for old people, and even for pets.
available only to young, healthy persons
C. be obtained
D. and even for
【解析】本句想要表达的是“人寿保险之前只是针对年轻和健康的人，但现在老人、甚至宠物也可获得人寿保险”，B项所对应画线部分中before作介词，指“在…之前”，不符合句意，因此应把before作时间状语放在persons之后，即构成available only to young, healthy persons before。
see in relation to political and national movements, language is used as
a badge or a barrier depended on which way we look at it.
B. used as
D. which way
8．Never in my
life forget the impression made on me by my first visit to
the late Premier Chou.
B. made on
C. by my first
D. the late
【解析】表示否定或半否定的副词或短语放句首时，句子需要半倒装，即把助动词/be动词/情态动词放在主语之前，A项所对应画线部分前缺少助动词和主语，应改为Never in my
life did I forget。
have told him the answer had it been possible, but I were
so busy then.
A. would have
B. had it been
D. I were
world whose advance has been made in science and technology is
due to education which brings forth scientists and inventors.
B. has been made
C. is due to
III. Reading comprehension (40′)
Directions: Below each of the following 4 passages you
will, find questions or incomplete statements about the passage. Each statement
or question is followed by lettered words or expressions. Select the word or expression
that most satisfactorily completes or answers each question in accordance with
the meaning of the passage. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40″)
surprised me, since there is virtually nothing about the the Olympics that is
culturally relevant to China. Apart from judo and Tae Kwon Do, whose links to China are indirect, there are no traditional Chinese athletics in the Games. In ancient
times, the Chinese nobility played cuju, a game that is remotely similar
to soccer, and chuiwan, which resembles golf. The Forbidden City Museum has a painting of a Tang-dynasty emperor, Minghuang, involved in a polo-like game with
the palace maidens. But the heart of the ancient Chinese athletic tradition,
and the part of it that was more accessible to common people, consists of wushu,
or traditional martial arts, and qigong, meditative breathing exercises.
These activities are as much spiritual and aesthetic as they are physical;
their goal is artistic expression and self-improvement, rather than winning.
The ancient Chinese didn’t build stadiums, because their athletics were not
designed to draw paying crowds. The Chinese language didn’t even have a term
for “sports” until the nineteenth century, when foreigners introduced a more
systematic approach to athletics.
historians draw the line between ancient and modern sports at 1840. That
summer, the first full-sized British fleet arrived off Canton, accelerating the
Opium War and kicking off China’s most painful historical era. The missionaries
and other outsiders who arrived in the late nineteenth century introduced
Western ideas of competition to Chinese athletics. In the early twentieth century,
China began to take an interest in the Olympic movement, and a single Chinese
sprinter competed in the 1932 Games. Four years later, at the Berlin Olympics, China sponsored a delegation of sixty-nine athletes, among them a mixed-gender wushu
exhibition team that performed before Hitler. By then, the Chinese were
committed to the Olympics, and they had come to see sports as a way in which
the country could avenge the injustices of the past century. “There was a
feeling of being the underdog and wanting to prove to the world that the
Chinese were strong,” James Riordan, of the University of Surrey, who has
studied sports in the former Soviet Union and China, told me when I called him.
author writes “Apart from judo and Tae Kwon Do, whose links to China are indirect...”he means
originated in Korea
B. Tae Kwon De
originated in Japan
C. Both sports
were introduced into China from other countries
D. Both sports
were introduced into China via a third country
and qigong are not considered a sport, according to the author, is because
A. They are not
included in the Olympics Games
B. They are not
related even remotely to soccer or golf
C. They are good
to look at
D. They are not
gender team” most probably means that
A. The team
consists of both men and women
B. The team
consists of gendermares
C. The team
consists of athletes of all ages
D. The team
consists of atheletes from different parts of the country.
believes that China sees sports as a way
A. to win medals
B. to win
C. to show
strength of the nation
D. to win
Chinese sprinter competed in the 1932 Games.” Give the name of this athlete.
A. Zhang Boling
B. Liu Changchun
C. Dong Shouyi
D. Yan Xiu
2．D 文章第一段倒数第三、四句指出中国古代传统体育运动的核心是武术和气功，它们是身体锻炼和精神及美学的结合，其目的是艺术表现和自我提升，而不是取胜（rather than winning），因此这就是作者不把武术和气功看作是体育运动的原因，故D项正确。
3．A 第二段倒数第三句指出，四年之后中国参加了柏林奥运会，派出了69名运动员所组成的代表团，其中就包括a mixed-gender wushu exhibition team，根据语境可知，mixed-gender指的是“男女混合的”，因此A项正确。
4．C 文章最后一句给出James Riordan所认为的中国参加奥运会的原因，即“There was a feeling of being the underdog and wanting to prove to
the world that the Chinese were strong”（感觉自己是受压迫者/劣势者，想要向全世界证明中国的强大），因此C项表达的意思与之相符。
By now, both
investigators had a clear vision of what had happened. Someone had poured
liquid accelerant throughout the children’s room, even under their beds, then
poured some more along the adjoining hallway and out the front door, creating a
“fire barrier” that prevented anyone from escaping; similarly, a prosecutor
later suggested, the refrigerator in the kitchen had been moved to block the
back-door exit. The house, in short, had been deliberately transformed into a
investigators collected samples of burned materials from the house and sent
them to a laboratory that could detect the presence of a liquid accelerant. The
lab’s chemist reported that one of the samples contained evidence of “mineral
spirits,” a substance that is often found in charcoal-lighter fluid. The sample
had been taken by the threshold of the front door.
The fire was now
considered a triple homicide, and Todd Willingham—the only person, besides the victims, known to
have been in the house at the time of the blaze—became the prime suspect.
Police and fire
investigators canvassed the neighborhood, interviewing witnesses. Several, like
Father Monaghan, initially portrayed Willingham as devastated by the fire. Yet,
over time, an increasing number of witnesses offered damning statements. Diane
Barbee said that she had not seen Willingham try to enter the house until after
the authorities arrived, as if he were putting on a show. And when the children’s
room exploded with flames, she added, he seemed more preoccupied with his car,
which he moved down the driveway. Another neighbor reported that when
Willingham cried out for his babies he “did not appear to be excited or
concerned.” Even Father Monaghan wrote in a statement that, upon further
reflection, “things were not as they seemed. I had the feeling that
[Willingham] was in complete control.” The police began to piece together a
disturbing profile of Willingham. Born in Ardmore, Oklahoma, in 1968, he had
been abandoned by his mother when he was a baby. His father, Gene, who had
divorced his mother, eventually raised him with his stepmother, Eugenia. Gene,
a former U.S. marine, worked in a salvage yard, and the family lived in a
cramped house; at night, they could hear freight trains rattling past on a
nearby track. Willingham. who had what the family called the “classic
handsome face. thick black hair, and dark eyes—struggled in school, and as a teen-ager began to
sniff paint. When he was seventeen, Oklahoma’s Department of Human Services
evaluated him, and reported, “He likes ‘girls,” music, fast cars, sharp trucks,
swimming, and hunting, in that order.” Willingham dropped out of high school,
and over time was arrested for, among other things, driving under the
influence, stealing a bicycle, and shoplifting.
In 1988, he met
Stacy, a senior in high school, who also came from a troubled background: when
she was four years old, her stepfather had strangled her mother to death during
a fight. Stacy and Willingham had a turbulent relationship. Willingham, who was
unfaithful, drank too much ,Jack Daniel’s, and sometimes hit Stacy—even when she was pregnant. A neighbor
said that he once heard Willingham yell at her, “Get up, bitch, and I’ll hit
accelerant most probably is_____.
A. A kind of
fuel that speeds up the spread of fire
B. A kind of
water that is accessible to tourist
C. A kind of fluid
that makes water flow more quickly
D. A kind of
fuel that makes the car move faster
homicide is a complicated phrase each word of which consisting of many Latin
affixes, such as tri- meaning three and -cide meaning killing. So we may infer that
the term means_____.
A. The murder
took place in three different places
B. The arsonist
killed a total of three people
murderers working in collaboration killed one victim
murderers killed three victims
contradicts the eye-witnesses’ accounts of the fire?
Willingham cares more about his car than his children in the burning house
Willingham did nothing at all to save his endangered children
Willingham did not tell the truth judged by his behavior at the fire scene
Willingham did not shed tears seeing his children engulfed in the fire
9．“He likes ‘girls,’
music, fast cars, sharp trucks, swimming, and hunting, in that order” means
what he likes most is_____.
C. fast cars
D. not clear
under the influence , or DUI for short means_____.
A. drunk driving
C. driving by
obeying someone’s order
D. driving to an
6．A 文章第一段介绍到，有人在孩子们的房间里，甚至床下都泼了liquid accelerant，然后在毗连的走廊和前门外也泼了一些，从而形成"fire barrier"，使得任何人都无法逃脱。可推测liquid accelerant指的是“液体助燃剂”，accelerant意为“促进剂，催化剂”。因此答案选A项。
7．B 词组triple homicide出现在第三段开头“The fire was now considered a triple homicide”，其中前缀tri-表示“三个”，-cide意为“杀，杀伤”，可知triple homicide指的是纵火犯害死了三个人，因此B项为正确答案。
8．C 题干问的是哪个选项的描述与目击者对该次火灾的陈述相矛盾。该题可用排除法来做。第四段第四句一位名叫Diane Barbee的邻居指出她看到Willingham直到相关部门到来后才试图进入房子，似乎在演戏一样，因此B项“Todd
Willingham没有试图救他处于危险中的孩子”与原文内容相符。而在接下来的第五句中，她又接着说，“他似乎更关注车，他把车开下了车道”，因此，A项的“比起孩子，他更关心车”与原文内容相符。而在同一段的第六句中，他的另一个邻居举报说“当他大声呼喊他的孩子的时候，他did not appear to be excited or concerned，因此D项“当看到他的孩子被火吞没时，他没有掉眼泪”与原文内容相符。而文章中并没有提到Todd Willingham的证词，所以C项“根据他在火灾现场的表现来看，他没有讲真话”这一点毫无根据。因此，本题的正确答案为C。
9．A 题干所引用句子中in that order指“按顺序排列，依次排列”，因此可知Todd Willingham最喜欢的是A项中的"girls"。
10．A 第四段后半部分讲述了Todd Willingham的成长历程，该段最后一句指出Todd Willingham高中时辍学，之后因driving under the
influence、偷自行车和商店行窃等被捕。drive under the influence为固定用法，指“醉酒驾驶”，因此对应A项。
grandparent who arrives on the scene after the birth of a child is
traditionally pictured cooking dinner for sleep-deprived parents or stuffing the
freezer with casseroles, I can tell you that these days it’s mostly takeout. That
is not simply the narrow view of a male grandparent who, admittedly, would have
little to offer by way of home-cooked meals once he’d served the second dinner
of meat loaf, accompanied by a salad of prewashed mesclun and a reminder of his
mother’s belief that meat loaf is one of the many dishes that always taste
better the next day. As I was about to leave for San Francisco last spring to
inspect my daughter Abigail’s first baby, my son-in-law’s mother had just
completed a similar visit, and Abigail reported to me, “We had some good sushi
while Brian’s room was here.” Brian’s mother is not Japanese. Abigail was
referring to takeout sushi—or carryout, as they say in San Francisco, since,
she warned me in advance, San Francisco is a place where restaurants are, in
general, happy to prepare food to go but not happy to deliver it. In carryout,
the accepted role of a visiting grandparent is to duck into the restaurant for
the pickup while one parent waits behind the wheel of the double-parked car and
the second parent remains at home, holding the baby with one hand and setting
the table with the other.
exception, Abigail said, seems to be Chinese food, which does come directly to
the door. In Manhattan, the victuals customarily referred to as Takeout
Chinese—essentially, a separate cuisine, if that’s the word, from the food
available in Chinatown—tend to make the trip from restaurants to apartment
houses dangling in plastic bags from the handlebars of rickety bicycles. (The
proprietors of Chinese restaurants apparently’ feel about baskets the way
proprietors of National Hockey League teams used to feel about helmets—sissy
stuff. The restaurant proprietors still feel that way about helmets.) Manhattan
is essentially flat—I’ve been riding a bicycle around the city for at least
thirty years, and I have yet to shift gears—but San Francisco is, famously,
not. When my mind wandered during the flight from New York, I could picture one
of those impassive delivery boys from a Manhattan Chinese restaurant trying to
make it up a nearly perpendicular San Francisco hill, his determination
unaffected by breathlessness or leg cramps or the fact that the weird angle has
already caused a container of hot-and-sour soup to burst open on his trousers.
When my mind
wasn’t wandering, I was thinking about whether to present the home-delivery
issue to Abigail as one more reason why it made sense to live in New York
rather than San Francisco. I could imagine myself delivering the pitch: “Are
you saying that you’re willing to raise this child—this innocent child—in a
city that has virtually no delivery, depriving her of the attention of
whichever parent has to make the pickup or interrupting her schedule for a
totally unnecessary car journey or, God forbid, cooking?” I could also imagine
Abigail, who works as a legal-services lawyer for children, replying that, according
to the laws and precedents she’s familiar with, the sort of behavior I’d just
described would not, strictly speaking, constitute child neglect.
grandparent in this text refers to_____.
A. Waizhufu (外祖父) in general
B. Both zhufu (祖父) and Waizhufu (外祖父)
C. Zhufu (祖父) in general
D. Waizhufu (外祖父) in particular
“the narrow view of a male grandparent” we understand it to mean_____.
A. A male
grandparent’s view is limited
B. A male
grandparent’s view is near-sighted
C. A male grandparent
is looked down upon
D. A male
grandparent is sharp-eyed
Hockey League refers to_____.
A. A group of
hockey teams from across the country working together for a common goal
B. A group of
hockey teams from across the country playing against each other irregularly
C. A group of
ice hockey teams from across the country working together for common interest
D. A group of
ice hockey teams from across the country playing against each other regularly
the text, the terrain of San Francisco is_____.
B. very uneven
C. very flat
convincing reason the author believes in to persuade her daughter to move back
to New York is that Manhattan boosts of_____.
B. Flat terrain
C. Take-out fast
11．B 文章第一段的第三句话提到，“我”要leave for San Francisco last spring to inspect my daughter Abigail’s
first baby，由此可知，作者要到旧金山的女儿家看望她的第一个孩子，因此他做了外祖父；而在这一句话的后半句又提到，my son-in-law’s mother had just completed a similar visit，“我儿媳的妈妈也刚刚完成了类似的访问”，联系上下文，可以推断出“我”的儿媳也刚刚产子，所以“我”也做了祖父，只有B项符合原文的内容，因此，本体的正确答案为B。
12．A narrow view指“观点狭隘的，有偏见的”，因此A项中“view
13．D National Hockey League“北美冰球联盟”，是由北美冰球队伍所组成的职业运动联盟，现有30支队伍，是全世界最高层级的职业冰球比赛。NHL的赛季分为例行赛和季后赛，最后一轮在季后赛胜出的球队便获得史丹利杯冠军。四个选项只有后半部分不同，可知D项中“定期进行对抗赛”的表述正确。
14．B 第二段倒数第二句指出曼哈顿的地势基本上是平坦的，并提到“but San Francisco is, famously, not”，即旧金山的地势是出了名的不平坦，因此B项为正确答案。uneven不平坦的，凹凸不平的。
Since 1970, the
population of the United States has grown by forty per cent, while the number
of registered vehicles has increased by nearly a hundred per cent—in other words, cars have
proliferated more than twice as fast as people have. During this same period,
road capacity increased by six per cent. If these trends continue through 2020,
every day will resemble a getaway day, with its mixture of commuters, truckers,
and recreational drivers, who take to the road without regard for traditional
peak travel times, producing congestion all day long: trucks that can’t make
deliveries on time, people who can’t get to or from work, air quality that
continues to deteriorate as commerce suffers and our over-all geopolitical
position weakens because we are forced to become ever more dependent on foreign
oil. This is the way the world ends: not with a bang but a traffic jam.
What can you do
about the traffic? Take the train? The train may be out of commission; Amtrak,
the nation’s passenger rail service, may be out of business before too long.
Fly? Airlines are cutting flights and raising prices to offset heavy losses.
Manage traffic better? There are many schemes for managing traffic, but not
very many practical ways to reduce the number of vehicles on the roads. Even if
people have an alternative to driving, as do many New Yorkers, over time an
ever larger number of commuters choose to drive. Today, about 3.6 million
people make their way into Manhattan’s “hub” (the area below Sixtieth Street)
the same number who came on an average day fifty years ago. In 1948, six
hundred and fifty thousand of the commuters drove; fifty years later, more than
1.3 million of them drove, and most of them drove alone.
It’s not enough
to build public transportation; you also have to get people to use it, either
by making trains and buses more convenient or by prohibiting some people from
driving during peak periods. But in the United States restricting people from
using their automobiles whenever they like has always been politically
difficult, and Mayor Bloomberg’s efforts to do so are controversial. The new
restrictions have brought joy to many of the city’s residents—New York is the only city in
the United States in which the majority of households don’t own an automobile—but they have been a source of
outrage for the parking-garage industry, restaurant and theatre owners,
retailers, labor groups, and some local politicians. Traffic is bad, but, as
some New Yorkers have discovered, a lack of traffic may be worse. “I think it’s
destroying the fabric of New York,” Grog Susick, senior vice-president of
Central Parking, told the Times in November. After a Christmas season in New York in which the traditional Five Days of Gridlock saw only light congestion, the
Metropolitan Parking Association began investigating possible legal action
against the city for maintaining the lone-driver restrictions.
16．“This is the
way the world ends: not with a bang but a traffic jam.” The word ban here most
A. The earth
collides with an extraterrestrial star
B. The earth
witnesses a major war
C. The earth
hears a huge bell ring
D. The earth
hears the bell toll at a church
the author, traffic congestion in Manhattan is mainly caused by_____.
A. increase of
B. increase of
C. addition of
D. lack of funds
bad, but a lack of traffic may be worse.” Who might be affected by a lack of
B. Car drivers
C .House owners
D. Parking lot
19．We may infer
from the text that_____.
A. New York City might has the lowest car ownership” rate among all US cities
B. New York City might be the most congested city among all US cities
C. New York City might be the most expensive city among all US cities
D. New York City might be the most mixed-race city among all US cities
20．“I think it’s
destroying the fabric of New York,” here the word fabric can be best understood
A. New York’s
way of life
B. New York’s
C. New York’s
D. New York’s
16．A 第一段首先讲述到美国机动车辆的增加远超过人口数量的增长和道路通行能力的提升，并提出如果该趋势持续增长将出现的一系列问题，最后总结到“This is the way the world ends: not with a bang but a traffic jam”，bang原意为“猛撞；巨响；爆炸声”，结合语境及所给选项可知，此处bang指A项中的“地球与其他星球的相撞”。
18．D 第三段倒数第四句指出关于限制使用车辆的规定have brought joy to many of the city’s residents，但与此同时也成为a source of outrage for
the parking-garage industry, restaurant and theatre owners, retailers, labor
groups, and some local politicians（outrage义愤；愤慨），可见停车场、饭店、剧院、零售商等都会受到交通量减少的影响。因此D项正确。
19．A 第三段倒数第四句破折号之间指出，“New York is the only city in the United States in which the majority
of households don’t own an automobile”（纽约是美国唯一的大多数家庭都没有汽车的城市），因此可推测纽约拥有汽车的比率可能是美国所有城市中最低的。因此答案选A。
20．D Central Parking公司的资深副总裁认为交通量的缺少正destroying the fabric of New York，单词fabric有“（社会或体系的）基本结构”之意，因此D项“纽约的内部机制”与之表达意思相符。
IV. Writing (30′)
Some time ago, the
official Xinhua News Agency reported that the administrators of Beihai Park in Beijing would not renew their contract with Kentucky Fried Chicken when its 10-year
lease was due. Some support the
decision as they believe the fast food outlet is out of keeping with a scenic imperial
garden. Others shrug it off as
they think the removal of the Colonel Sanders plaque at the park is likely to
be only a hiccup to China’s growing love affair with American culture.
Write a composition of about 400 words on the following
Does a Western Fast Food Outlet Belong in A Chinese
Does a Western Fast Food Outlet Belong in A Chinese
Beihai Park, a Chinese Imperial Garden, decided not to renew its contract
with Kentucky Fried Chicken after the previous 10-year contract expired some
time ago, as a result of the increasing criticism from the public. People’s
opinions are divided concerning the existence of a fast food outlet in a Chinese Imperial Garden.
side believe that although exchanges of cultures are unobjectionable, it does
not mean everything about other cultures should be brought in and be blended.
Some even go so far as taking the existence of Kentucky Fried Chicken as an
insult on China’s valuable ancient civilization. The protection of the
integrity of cultural and historical heritage is stressed by people concerned.
They think Kentucky
Fried Chicken is substantially the symbol of American culture and therefore
will not integrate into the Chinese Imperial Garden. These people argue that Kentucky
Fried Chicken in Beihai Park doesn’t resonate with its surroundings. For these
people, it is just emotionally unacceptable that a Western-style restaurant is
in a scenic imperial garden that is upheld as the essence of China’s ancient
some other people believe Kentucky Fried Chicken does not show any disrespect
for China’s traditional culture and is no more than a place for people to have
a rest and enjoy food and drinks. Moreover, they claim that world cultural
heritage sites need dynamic commercial promotion and that’s why so many sites
in China become so popular. Whether the new building will ruin the aesthetic
and natural beauty of the architecture should be based on experts studies. If
dealt with rightly, commercial business can be an important channel for
cultural relics protection. As the talk between Chinese and other cultures
increases, it also shows the growing strength of China’s global influence. The
existence of Kentucky Fried Chicken in Beihai Park will show the openness of
China’s society and these people believe the reason for starting Kentucky Fried
Chicken in China was not about cultural invasion, let alone causing damage to
China’s traditional culture.
in all, Beihai Park is one of the symbols of ancient China, and the existence
of Western restaurant is indeed not very integrated. However one cannot help
thinking that the argument about the negative effects of a small western
restaurant on China’s long historical culture is somewhat far-fetched.