Part I. Vocabulary and
Grammar [30 points; 60 minutes]
Directions: There are 30 incomplete
sentences in this part. Beneath each sentence there are four choices marked A,
B, C and D. Choose ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then write your
answers on the Answer Sheet. (30points)
1．It was _____ that the restaurant discriminated against black customers.
2．Professor Johnson was asked to _____ his speech in order to allow
the audience to raise questions.
3．Competition, we believe, _____ the national
character rather than corrupts it.
4．Many people think of deserts as _____ regions, but numerous
species of plants and animals have adapted to life there.
5．Despite almost universal _____ of the vital importance of women’s
literacy, education remains a dream for far too many women in far too many
countries in the world.
6．Teaching students of threshold level is
hard work but the effort is very
【解析】句意：教入门级的学生需要付出大量努力，但这些努力是值得的。rewarding值得的，有意义的。precious珍贵的。worth值得的，用于句型be worth sth/doing sth。challenging有挑战性的。
7．Each workday, the workers followed the
same schedules and rarely _____ from this routine.
sth. from sth.使分开。distort曲解；扭曲。
8．Many years had _____ before they returned to
their original urban areas.
9．After four years in the same job his
enthusiasm finally _____.
10．An energy tax would curb ordinary air
pollution, limit oil imports and cut the budget _____.
11．Doctors are often caught in a _____ because they have to decide
whether they should tell their patients the truth or not.
12．A 2009 World Bank report concluded that _____ girls in school
was probably the single most effective anti-poverty policy in the developing
13．Although the colonists _____ to some extent with the Native
Americans, the Indians’ influence on American culture and language was not
14．If you don’t _____ the children properly,
they’ll just run riot.
15．Mike just discovered that his passport
three months before.
16．By signing the lease we made a _____ to pay a rent of
$150 a week.
17．The members of Parliament were _____ that the
government had not consulted them.
18．They were _____ in their scientific
research, not knowing what happened just outside their lab.
immersed in专心于，沉浸在……中。drown溺水。dip浸；蘸。submerge (使)浸没；(使)淹没。
19．When a psychologist does a general experiment about the human
brain, he selects people _____ and asks them questions.
A. at length
B. at random
C. in bulk
D. in essence
【解析】句意：一位心理学家做一项关于人类电脑的试验，他随机地选择了几个人，问他们问题。at random随机。at length 详尽地；最后。in bulk大量。in essence本质上。
20．We are writing to the manager _____ the repairs
recently carried out at the above address.
A. with the
B. with the
D. with a view
reference to关于，就……而论。with the exception of除……之外。with the purpose of带有……目的。with a view to以…为目标。
21．During the Copenhagen climate summit one senior Chinese minister
was refused to attend the conference, and the executive secretary promised to
_____ that incident.
A. look through
B. look into
C. look over
D. look after
【解析】句意：哥本哈根气候峰会期间，一位中国高级部长被拒绝参会，行政秘书承诺将深入调查此事。look into 调查。look through浏览。look over快速翻阅，浏览。look after照顾。
22．Individual sports are run by over 370 independent governing
bodies whose function usually include
_____ rules, holding events, selecting national teams
and promoting international links.
A. drawing on
B. drawing in
C. drawing up
D. drawing down
【解析】句意：单项运动会由370多家独立的管理机构负责，它们的作用通常包括拟订规则、举办比赛、挑选国家队并促进国际间的交流等。draw up草拟，制定。draw on利用。draw in使参与，使卷入。draw down向下拉；招致。
23．The United States is trying to _____ the problems
created by the energy crisis.
A. comply with
B. cope with
C. put up with
D. submit to
【解析】句意：美国正努力处理能源危机引起的问题。cope with处理。comply with遵循。put up with忍受。submit to顺从，屈从。
24．In the meantime, the question facing
business is whether such research is
_____ the costs.
B. worth of
worth sth./doing sth.值得……。worthy 一般与of连用，be
worthy of doing sth.值得做某事。worthwhile表示值得的，用来修饰名词。
25．We should be able to do the job for you quickly, _____ you give us all
the necessary information.
A. in case
C. or else
D. as if
【解析】句意：我们会尽快为你完成这项工作，条件是你必须提供给我们所有必要的信息。provided that条件是，如果。in case以防，以免。or else否则，要不然。as if好像。
26．The younger person’s attraction to stereos cannot be explained
only _____ familiarity with technology.
A. by means of
B. by virtue of
C. in quest of
D. in terms of
terms of从……方面，以……角度。by means of以……方式。by virtue of凭借；依靠；由于。in quest of为了探索……。
27．One of the requirements for a fire is
that the material _____ to its burning temperature.
A. is heated
B. be heated
C. will be
D. would be
28．So confused _____ that he didn’t know how to
start his lecture.
A. since he
B. would he
C. that he
D. did he
【解析】句意：他如此困惑，以至于不知如何开始自己的讲座。so…that引导结果状语从句，so如果置于句首，则主句中的主谓语需要倒装，that从句不用倒装。本句可还原为：He became so
29．This book will show the readers _____ can be used in
A. that how
they have observed
B. that they
C. how that
they have observed
D. how what
they have observed
【解析】句意：这本书将向读者展示他们所观察到的东西怎样被用到其他情境当中。这里how引导的是宾语从句，在从句中what they have observed是主语，what在引导的主语从句中作宾语。that在名词性从句中不做成分，故排除，故选C。
30．The boy students in this school are nearly _____ as the girl
students to say they intend to get a college degree in business.
A. as likely
B. as twice
C. twice as
D. likely as twice
Part II. Reading
Comprehension [40 points; 60 minutes]
Multiple-Choice Questions [20 points; 30 minutes]
Directions: In this section there are
two reading passages, with each passage followed by FIVE multiple-choice questions.
For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose ONE answer
that best answers the question or completes the statement. Then write your
answers on the Answer Sheet.
me: how are your manners?
The decline of
civility and good manners may be worrying people more than crime, according to
Gentility Recalled, edited by Digby Anderson, which laments the breakdown of
traditional codes that once regulated social conduct. It criticizes the fact
that “manners” are scorned as repressive and outdated.
The result, according to Mr. Anderson—director of the Social Affairs
Unit, an independent think-tank—is a society characterized by rudeness: loutish
behavior on the streets, jostling ‘in crowds, impolite shop assistants and
Mr. Anderson says the cumulative effect of these—apparently trivial,
but often offensive—is to make everyday life uneasy, unpredictable and
unpleasant. As they are encountered far more often than crime, they can cause
more anxiety than crime.
lament the disintegration of law and order, he argues, what they generally mean
is order, as manifested by courteous forms of social contact. Meanwhile,
attempts to reestablish restraint and self-control through “politically
correct” rules are artificial.
The book has
contributions from 12 academics in disciplines ranging from medicine to
sociology and charts what it calls the “coarsening” of Britain. Old-fashioned
terms such as “gentleman” and “lady” have lost all meaningful resonance and
need to be re-evaluated, it says.
honorary fellow and former principal of St Hugh’s College, Oxford, says that
the notion of a “lady” protects women rather than demeaning them. Feminism and
demands for equality have blurred the distinctions between the sexes, creating
situations where men are able to dominate women because of their more
aggressive and forceful natures, she says. “Women, without some code of
deference or respect, become increasingly victims.”
the first woman fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge, points out that “gentleman” is
now used only with irony or derision. “The popular view of a gentleman is
poised somewhere between the imbecile parasite and the villainous one: between
Woosteresque chinless wonders, and those heartless capitalist toffs who are ...
the stock-in-trade of television.” She argues that the concept is neither
class-bound nor rigid; conventions of gentlemanly behavior enable a man to act
naturally as an individual within shared assumptions while taking his place in
society. “Politeness is no constraint, precisely because the manners ... are no
‘code’ but a language, rich, flexible, restrained and infinitely subtle.”
O’Hear, professor of philosophy at the University of Bradford, manners are
closely associated with the different forms of behavior appropriate to age and
status. They curb both the impetuosity of the youth and the bitterness of old
age. Egalitarianism, he says, has led to people failing to act their age. “We
have vice-chancellors with earrings, aristocrats as hippies ..., the trendy
vicar on his motorbike.”
Leoussi, sociology lecturer at Reading University, bemoans the deliberate
neglect by people of their sartorial appearance. Dr.ess, she says, is the
outward expression of attitudes and aspirations. The ubiquitousness of jeans
“displays a utilitarian attitude” that has “led to the cultural impoverishment
of everyday life.”
Dr. Leoussi says
that while clothes used to be seen as a means of concealing taboo forces of
sexuality and violence, certain fashions—such as leather jackets have the opposite effect.
Charlton, a lecturer in public health medicine in Newcastle upon Tyne, takes
issue with the excessive informality of relations between professionals such as
doctors and bank managers, and their clients. He says this has eroded the
distance and respect necessary in such relationships.
Engelhardt, professor of medicine in Houston, Texas, says manners are bound to morals.
“Manners express a particular set of values,” he says, “Good manners interpret
and transform social reality. They provide social orientation.”
31．According to the passage, the decline
of good manners is more worrying because _____.
A. it leads to
more crime in society
B. it can
seriously affect our daily life
C. people view
manners as old-fashioned
D. rudeness on
the street cannot be stemmed out
32．Rachel Trickett seems to indicate the
term “lady” _____.
A. is preferred
B. is too old-fashioned
C. has acquired
a different meaning
women in society
33．According to Caroline Moore, the media
has projected a _____ image of the gentleman.
34．In Anthony O’Hear’s view, a well-mannered
A. acts rashly
when he is young
importance to his status
C. behaves with
a sense of appropriacy
D. tends to be
bad-tempered in old age
35．Dr. Bruce Charlton would probably
prefer to see a more formal relationship _____.
A. among doctors
doctors and managers
doctors and patients
32．C 由第五段最后一句Old-fashioned terms such as “gentleman” and “lady” have lost all
meaningful resonance and need to be re-evaluated可知，旧词汇lady失去了原有的意味，需要重新审视其意思。说明lady的意思有所变化。gentleman和lady虽然old
33．C 由第七段此句”gentleman” is now used only with irony or derision可知，gentleman一词如今含有讽刺和嘲笑的意味。
34．C 由第八段首句For Anthony O’Hear, professor of philosophy at the University of
Bradford, manners are closely associated with the different forms of behavior
appropriate to age and status.可知，O’Hear认为一个文明人的行为要与其年龄、地位相符。可以判断选项C正确。
35．D 在倒数第二段有Dr. Bruce Charlton的观点，他在文章中论述了the excessive informality of relations between professionals such as
doctors and bank managers, and their clients，即一些职业人员与他们的clients的关系过于随便，其中提到了医生。医生的clients是病人，所以该题答案是D。
anyone buy the latest volume in the ever-expanding Dictionary of National
Biography? I do not mean that it is bad, as the reviewers will agree. But it
will cost you 65 pounds. And have you got the rest of volumes? You need the
basic 22 plus the largely decennial supplements to bring the total to 31. Of course,
it will be answered, public and academic libraries will want the new volume.
After all, it adds 1,068 lives of people who escaped the net of the original
compilers. Yet in 10 years’ time a revised version of the whole caboodle,
called the New Dictionary of National Biography, will be published. Its editor,
Professor Colin Matthew, tells me that he will have room for about 50,000
lives, some 13,000 more than in the current DNB. This rather puts the 1,068 in
Missing Persons in the shade.
Nicholls wrote to The Spectator in 2006 asking for names of people whom readers
had looked up in the DNB and had been disappointed not to find, she says that
she received some 100,000 suggestions. (Well, she had written to her quality
newspapers too.) As soon as her committee had whittled the numbers down, the
professional problems of an editor began. Contributors didn’t file copy on
time; some who did sent too much: 50,000 words instead of 500 is a record,
according to Dr.. Nicholls.
the dinner-party game of who’s in, who’s out. That is a game that the reviewers
have played and will continue to play. Criminals were my initial worry. After
all, the original edition of the DNB boasted: Malefactors whose crimes excite a
permanent interest have received hardly less attention than benefactors. Mr.
John Gross clearly had similar anxieties, for he complains that, while the
murderer Christie is in, Crippen is out. One might say in reply that the
injustice of the hanging of Evans instead of Christie was a force in the repeal
of capital punishment in Britain, as Ludovie Kennedy (the author of Christie’s
entry in Missing Persons) notes, But then Crippen was reputed as the first
murderer to be caught by telegraphy’ (he had tried to escape by ship to
It is surprising
to find Max Miller excluded when really not very memorable names get in. There
has been a conscious effort to put in artists and architects from the Middle
Ages. About their lives not much is always known.
Of Hugo of Bury
St Edmunds, a 12th-century illuminator whose dates of birth and death are not
recorded, his biographer comments, “Whether or not Hugo was a wall-painter, the
records of his activities as carver and manuscript painter attest to his
versatility”. Then there had to be more women, too (12 percent, against the
original DBN’s 3), such as Roy Strong’s subject, the Tudor painter Levina
Teerlinc, of whom he remarks, “Her most characteristic feature is a head
attached to a too small, spindly body. Her technique remained awkward, thin and
often cursory”. This doesn’t seem to qualify her as a memorable artist. Yet it
may be better than the record of the original DNB, which included lives of
people who never existed (such as Merlin) and even managed to give thanks to J.
W. Clerke as a contributor, though, as a later edition admits in a shamefaced
footnote, “except for the entry in the List of Contributors
there is no trace of J. W. Clerke”.
36．The writer suggests that there is no
sense in buying the latest volume
A. because it
is not worth the price
B. because it
has fewer entries than before
C. unless an
expanded DNB will come out shortly
D. unless one
has all the volumes in the collection
37．On the issue of who should be included
in the DNB, the writer seems to suggest that _____.
A. the editors
were irrational in their choices
B. the editors
had clear rules to follow
C. the editors
clearly favored benefactors
D. there were
too many criminals in the entries
38．Crippen was absent from the DNB _____.
A. because he
escaped to the U.S.
death sentence had been abolished
C. because of
the editors’ mistake
D. for reasons
39．The author quoted a few entries in the
last paragraph to _____.
emphasis to his argument
the people in the Middle Ages
some features of the DNB
D. impress the
reader with its content
40．Throughout the passage, the writer’s
tone towards the DNB was _____.
36．D 第一段第五句说And have you got the rest of volumes? You need the basic 22 plus the
largely decennial supplements to bring the total to 31．由此可知，这一整套书共有31册，只买一册就没什么意义了。
37．A 第二、第三段，作者很明确地表明了在人物选择上的不同看法，并举例说明在选择谁应被收录进词典时没有遵照一定的原则，是不合理的。如第三段第一句说There remains the dinner party game of who’s in，who’s out．这表明作者认为编者在选择对象时就像是邀请参加宴会的一场游戏，证明了编者不谨慎的态度。
38．D 文章只是在第三段谈到了Crippen未被收录进名人词典，该段的最后一句说Butthen Crippen was reputed as the first murderer to be caught by
39．A 在短文的最后一段作者先以收录的名人Hugo为例，没有记录其生死年月（dates of birth and death are not recorded)；接着说对于画家Levina Teerlinc的描述也不能让人觉得她是位值得纪念的艺术家（Doesn’t
seem to qualify her as a memorable artist）。从以上内容可知，作者引用一些条目目的是为了强调说明自己的观点：DNB的编纂方法与内容存在问题。
Section B: Short Answer
Questions [20 points; 30 minutes]
Directions: In this section, there are
two passages, each with five questions. Read the passages carefully. Then answer
the questions by using the information from each passage. Please write your
answers on the Answer Sheet.
communication actually achieved? It depends, of course, either on a common
language or on known conventions, or at least on the beginnings of these. If
the common language and the conventions exist, the contributor, for example,
the creative artist, the performer, or the reporter, tries to use them as well
as he can. But often, especially with original artists and thinkers, the problem
is in one way that of Creating a language, or creating a convention or at least
of developing the language and conventions to the point where they are capable
of bearing his precise meaning. In literature, in music, in the visual arts, in
the sciences, in social thinking, in philosophy, this kind of development has
occurred again and again. It often takes a long time to get through, and for
many people it will remain difficult. But we need never think that it is
impossible; creative energy is much more powerful than we sometimes suppose.
While a man is engaged in this struggle to say new things in new ways, he is
usually more than ever concentrated on the actual work, and not on its possible
audience. Many artists and scientists share this fundamental unconcern about
the ways in which their work will be received. They may be glad if it is
understood and appreciated, hurt if it is not, but while the work is being done
there can be no argument. The thing has to come out as the man himself sees it.
In this sense it
is true that it is the duty of society to create conditions in which such men
can live. For whatever the value of any individual contribution, the general
body of work is of immense value to everyone. But, of course, things are not so
formal, in reality. There is not society on the one hand and these individuals
on the other. In ordinary living, and in his work, the contributor shares in
the life of his society, which often affects him both in minor ways and in ways
sometimes so deep that he is not even aware of them. His ability to make his
work public depends on the actual communication system: the language itself, or
certain visual or musical or scientific conventions, and the institutions
through which the communication will be passed. The effect of these on his
actual work can be almost infinitely variable. For it is not only a
communication system outside him; it is also, however original he may be, a
communication system which is in fact part of himself. Many contributors make
active use of this kind of internal communication system. It is to themselves,
in a way, that they first show their conceptions, play their music, present
their arguments. Not only as a way of getting these clear, in the process of
almost endless testing that active composition involves, but also, whether
consciously or not, as a way of putting the experience into a communicable
form. If one mind has grasped it, then it may be open to other minds.
In this deep
sense, the society is in some ways already present in the act of composition.
This is always very difficult to understand. But often, when we have the
advantage of looking back at a period, we can see, even if we cannot explain,
how this was so. We can see how much even highly original individuals had in
common, in their actual work, and in what is called their “structure of
feeling”, with other individual workers of the time, and with the society of
that time to which they belonged. The historian is also continually struck by
the fact that men of this kind felt isolated at the very time when in reality
they were beginning to get through. This can also be noticed in our own time,
when some of the most deeply influential men feel isolated and even rejected.
The society and the communication are there, but it is difficult to recognize
them, difficult to be sure.
41．According to the above passage, how can
communication be achieved?
42．According to the above passage, how do
creative artists and thinkers achieve communication?
43．In terms of creative artists and scientists’ attitude toward the
public’s response to their work, what is their common characteristic?
44．What role(s) does the society play in
the act of creative communication?
45．Why do highly original individuals feel
41．By a common language or known
42．By developing the common language and
conventions to the point where they are capable of bearing the artist or the
thinker’s precise meaning.
are indifferent toward response to their work.
44．The society creates conditions in which
original people can live.
this sense it is true that it is the duty of society to create conditions in
which such men can live.可知，社会的作用是为第一段中讲到的creative artists and thinkers创造生存的条件。）
45．Because they fail to acknowledge and
use an acceptable form of communication.
（由最后一段倒数第三句The historian is also continually struck by the fact that men of
this kind felt isolated at the very time when in reality they were beginning to
get through.可知，具有创造力的人感到被孤立的时候，是他们开始想要把作品的意义传达给大众的时候。再结合第一段中对creative artists and thinkers的相关描述可知，这些人的作品很难理解，他们也往往不在乎大众是否理解。所以他们没有找到一种大众可以接受的交流形式。）
immutable trait we’re either born with or not. It is a skill that can be
developed, strengthened and targeted to help us achieve our goals. “Fundamental
among man’s inner powers is the tremendous unrealized potency of man’s own
will,” wrote Italian psychologist Roberto Assagioli 25 years ago.
will is a masterful weapon,” added Man Marlatt of the University of Washington,
a psychologist who is studying how willpower helps people break habits and
change their lives. “The dictionary defines willpower as control of one’s
impulses and actions. The key words are power and control. The power is there,
but you have to control it.”
Marlatt and other experts, is how to do that:
Don’t confuse willpower
with self-denial. Willpower is most dynamic when applied to positive, uplifting
purposes. Positive willpower helps us overcome inertia and focus on the future.
When the going gets tough, visualize yourself happily and busily engaged in
your goal, and you’ll keep working toward it.
Make up your
professor of psychology at the University of Rhode Island, has identified four
stages in making a change. He calls them precontemplation (resisting the
change), contemplation (weighing the pros and cons of the change), action
(exercising willpower to make the change), and maintenance (using willpower to
sustain the change). Some people are “chronic contemplators,” Prochaska says.
They know they should reduce their drinking but will have one mere cocktail
while they consider the matter. They may never put contemplation into action.
To focus and mobilize your efforts, set a deadline.
psychologist Boyd Barrett suggested a list of repetitive will-training activities—stepping
up and down from a chair 30 times, spilling a box of matches and carefully
replacing them one by one. These exercises, he maintained, strengthen the will
so it can confront more consequential and difficult challenges.
New Jersey Sen.
Bill Bradley was a basketball star with the champion New York Knicks. On top of
regular practice, he always went to the gym early and practiced foul shots
alone. He was determined to be among the best form of the foul line. True to
his goal, he developed the highest percentage of successful free throws on his
“Where there’s a will, there’s a way” is not the whole truth. Given the will,
you still have to anticipate obstacles and plan how to deal with them. When
professor of psychology Saul Shiffman of the University of Pittsburgh worked
with reformed smokers who’s gone back to cigarettes, he found that many of them
hadn’t considered how they’d cope with the urge to smoke. They had summoned the
strength to quit, but couldn’t remain disciplined. The first time they were
offered a cigarette, they went back to smoking. If you’ve given up alcohol,
rehearse your answer when you’re offered a drink. If you’re expecting to jog
but wake up to a storm, have an indoor workout program ready.
will may falter when the goal is to lose 50 pounds in three months or to
exercise three hours a day. Added failure undercuts your desire to try again.
Sometimes it’s best to set a series of small goals instead of a single big one.
As in the Alcohols Anonymous slogan “One day at a time,” divide your objective
into one-day segments, then renew your resolve the next day. At the end of a
week, you’ll have a series of triumphs to look back on.
A strong will
doesn’t develop overnight. It takes shape in increments, and there can be
setbacks. Figure out what caused you to backslide, and redouble your efforts.
When a friend of ours tried to give up cigarettes the first time, she failed.
Analyzing her relapse, she realized she needed to do something with her hands.
On her second try, she took up knitting and brought out needles and yam every
time she was tempted to light up. Within months she had knitted a sweater for
her husband—and seemed to be off cigarettes for good.
Keep it up.
A strong will
become stronger each time it succeeds. If you’ve successfully mustered the
willpower to kick a bad habit or leave a dead-end job, you gain confidence to
confront other challenges. A record of success fosters an inner voice of
confidence that, in the words of Assagioli, gives you “a firm foot on the edge
of the precipice.” You may face more difficult tasks, but you’ve conquered
before, and you can conquer again.
46．What is the main purpose of this
47．Based on the information given in the
above passage, define the term “willpower” by using your own words.
48．According to the above passage, what
stages do people go through when making a change?
49．On the basis of the information given
in Passage Four, comment on the saying “Where there’s a will, there’s a way”.
50．According to the above passage, what is
the better way to set goals?
46．To introduce ways to build up willpower.
（由第一、二段可知，第三段Here, from Marlatt and other experts, is how to do that:中的that指的是意志力。下文讲的是培养意志力的七种方式。）
47．“Willpower” is the ability to control
one’s impulses and actions which can be developed and strengthened.
48．People go through four stages when
making a change: precontemplation, contemplation, action and maintenance.
up your mind.下方段落的前两句可知，做出改变要经历四个阶段：思考前、思考中、做出行动、坚持。）
49．The saying is not totally reasonable
because one also needs to anticipate difficulties and plan the ways to address
50．It’s better to set a series of small
goals instead of a single big one.
Part III. Writing [30
points; 60 minutes]
Directions: Based on the information
given below, please write an essay of about 400 words on the Answer Sheet. You have
60 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay.
an increasingly important role in today’s classroom. One significant impact of
the computer on study in that more and more lectures are given in the form of
Power Point presentations.
growing trend, your university is considering whether or not the traditional
way of giving lectures via Blackboard and Chalk should be abandoned. A forum is
therefore held by the School Board to invite students’ opinions. Please
contribute your point of view to the forum, trying to persuade the School Board
to adopt your view, and thus help them make the decision that benefits students
for the essay is:
and Chalk: To Abandon or Not?
You may use your
own title if you like.
Marks will be
awarded both for your linguistic knowledge (i.e., grammar, vocabulary and
organization) and for your ability to achieve the communicative purpose.
and Chalk: To Abandon or Not?
century has witnessed a great change in teaching method in schools with the
advent of computer. Nowadays more and more lectures are given in the form of Power
Point presentations in schools. Teachers are able to exhibit the contents of lectures
with words, pictures, videos that can be shown in slides. They don’t have to
endure the chalk powder any more, which often dirties their hair. But does it
mean that there is no need to use blackboard and chalk since computer brings so
much convenience to us? I don’t think so. As far as I’m concerned, the
traditional way of giving lectures via blackboard and chalk should by no means
be abolished because some functions of blackboard and chalk are irreplaceable.
favorable function of blackboard and chalk is to lead students to think when
the teacher is writing something down on the blackboard. The function is of
vital importance in science lessons, including math, physics, chemistry and
biology, because there are logic calculations and deductions in these lessons.
For instance, it is known to us that there are continuous steps in solving a
math problem. While a math teacher is explaining a problem to students, he
always writes down the steps one by one so that students can follow him and
make sense of the complicated steps. But if the steps are directly shown in a
slide, what will happen? Steps appear continuously with short intervals,
leaving little time for consideration.
showing slides in a lecture, teachers can make use of blackboard and chalk in
case some students may have doubts about the contents shown in the slides. When
students have difficulty in understanding some contents of the slides, it is
convenient for teachers to explain and write down some hints on the blackboard
so that students can understand. The operation on computers is more complicated.
Last but not
least, blackboard and chalk can be used in case of power blackout. If the
electricity is temporarily cut off, computer is of no use. In this case, it is
time to use blackboard and chalk for the smooth teaching in schools.
On the whole, I
hold the opinion that blackboard and chalk play an indispensable role in
teaching and learning process since the above three functions are exclusive to
them. But it doesn’t mean that the practice of using slides should be abandoned.
It is a better choice to combine the two kinds of practice for the benefits of students