[电子书]燕山大学外国语学院211翻译硕士英语[专业硕士]历年考研真题及详解

[电子书] 燕山大学外国语学院211翻译硕士英语[专业硕士]历年考研真题及详解

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内容简介

2012年燕山大学211翻译硕士英语考研真题及详解

2013年燕山大学211翻译硕士英语考研真题及详解

2014年燕山大学外国语学院211翻译硕士英语考研真题及详解

2015年燕山大学外国语学院211翻译硕士英语考研真题及详解

2016年燕山大学外国语学院211翻译硕士英语考研真题及详解

内容简介

本书收集了燕山大学外国语学院211翻译硕士英语[专业硕士]20122016年的考研真题,且所有真题均提供详细的答案解析,真题答案由名校高分研究生整理,解题思路清晰、答案解析准确完整。历年真题是考研复习备考最好的资料,通过研习历年考研真题,可以了解到考题难度、风格等,为考生复习备考指明了方向。

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试读(部分内容)

2012年燕山大学211翻译硕士英语考研真题及详解

I. For questions 1-15, read the article below and then decide which answer below best fits each space. Indicate your answer on the separate answer sheet. (15%)

We really can tell if we are being watched

Stories about how people somehow know when they are being watched have been going around for years. However, few attempts have been made to investigate the phenomenon scientifically. Now, with the completion of the largest ever study of the so-called staring effect, there is impressive evidence that this is a recognizable and (1) _____ sixth sense. The study (2) _____ hundreds of children. For the experiments, they sat with their eyes (3) _____ so they could not see, and with their backs to other children, who were told to either stare at them or look away. Time and time again the results showed that the children who could not see were able to (4) _____ when they were being stared at. In a (5) _____ of more than 18,000 trials (6) _____ worldwide, the children (7) _____ sensed when they were being watched almost 70% of the time. The experiment was repeated with the (8) _____ precaution of putting the children who were being watched outside the room, (9) _____ from the starers by the windows. This was done just in case there was some (10) _____ going on with the children telling each other whether they were looking or not. This (11) _____ the possibility of sounds being (12) _____ between the children. The results, though less impressive, were more or less the same. Dr. Sheldrake, the biologist who designed the study, believes that the results are (13) _____ enough to find out through further experiments (14) _____ how the staring effect might actually (15) _____.

1.A. genuine 

B. accepted

C. received

D. sure

2.A. involved

B. contained

C. comprised

D. enclosed

3.A. shaded

B. wrapped

C. masked

D. covered

4.A. find

B. notice

C. tell 

D. reveal

5.A. sum

B. collection

C. mass

D. total

6.A. worked over

B. worked through

C. carried on

D. carried out

7.A. correctly

B. exactly

C. thoroughly

D. perfectly

8.A. attached

B. added

C. connected

D. increased

9.A. separated

B. parted

C. split

D. divided

10.A. pretending

B. lying

C. cheating

D. deceiving

11.A. prevented

B. omitted

C. evaded

D. ended

12.A. delivered

B. transported

C. transmitted

D. distributed

13.A. satisfying

B. convincing

C. concluding   

D. persuading

14.A. really

B. carefully

C. definitely

D. precisely

15.A. come about

B. be looked at

C. set out

D. be held up

【答案与解析】

1.A  由“recognizable”可知这种第六感是真正存在的,因此选genuine。

2.A  句意:这项研究涉及数百名儿童。involve的意思为“涉及,使参与”。

3.D  由后面的“so they could not see”可知,他们的眼睛应该被蒙住了,所用动词为“cover”。

4.C  由前文可知,这项研究证明了第六感的存在,因此这些孩子能够识别出别人是否在盯着自己。tell在这里是“辨别”的意思。

5.D  这里的意思是“在世界范围内进行的总数超过18000的实验中”。a total of总数为。a collection of一批,一些;许多的。

6.D  与trial搭配应该用carry out。carry out执行,实行。work over彻底检查;充分研究。work through干完。carry on从事;继续。

7.A  这里的意思是“孩子们在将近70%的时间里都能正确感觉到他们在被别人注视。”

8.B  added precaution预防措施。

9.A  这里的意思是“将孩子们与注视者分开”,应该用separate from。

10.C  cheating作弊,欺骗行为。

11.A  prevent the possibility of防止……的可能。

12.C  传播声音应该用的动词为“transmit”。

13.B  由句意可知,Dr. Sheldrake相信这些结果足够有说服力。convincing令人信服的;有说服力的。

14.D  这里的意思为“通过进一步实验来查明注视效应究竟是如何产生的”。precisely精确地;恰恰。

15.A  句意:通过进一步实验来查明注视效应究竟是如何产生的。come about发生;产生。set out出发;开始。hold up举起;阻挡。

II. In most lines of the following text, there is either a spelling or a punctuation error. For each numbered line 16-30, write the correctly spelt word or show the correct punctuation in the box on your answer sheet. Some lines are correct. Indicate these lines with a tick (√) in the box. (15%)

Solar eclipse

Most astronomical events that influence the Earth, apart from the occasional asteroid impact, do so in a regular fashion, such as day and night the tides and the seasons. There is, however, one event that has

说明: C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\QQ截图20170711090512.bmp

【答案】16. √查看答案

17.去掉changes后面的,

18.accompanied 

19.physicists

20.去掉’

21.interruption

22.√

23.去掉–

24.√

25.behavior

26.Australia

27.I前面加 “

28.’改为”

29.√

30.emerged

III. Read the following article and answer questions 31-43. On your answer sheet, indicate the letter A, B, C, D or E against the number of each question, 31-43. Give only one answer to each question. (26%)

Passage One

The Trojan War is one of the most famous wars in history. It is well known for the ten-year duration, for the heroism of a number of legendary characters, and for the Trojan horse. What may not be familiar, however, is the story of how the war began.

According to Greek myth, the strife between the Trojans and the Greeks started at the wedding of Peleus, King of Thessaly, and Thetis, a sea nymph. All of the gods and goddesses had been invited to the wedding celebration in Troy except Eris, goddesses of discord. She had been omitted from the guest list because her presence always embroiled mortals and immortals alike in conflict.

To take revenge on those who had slighted her, Eris decided to cause a skirmish. Into the middle of the banquet hall, she threw a golden apple marked "for the most beautiful." All of the goddesses began to haggle over who should possess it. The gods and goddesses reached a stalemate when the choice was narrowed to Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. Someone was needed to settle the controversy by picking a winner. The job eventually fell to Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, who was said to be a good judge of beauty.

Paris did not have an easy job. Each goddess, eager to win the golden apple, tried aggressively to bribe him.

"I'll grant you vast kingdoms to rule," promised Hera. "Vast kingdoms are nothing in comparison with my gift," contradicted Athena. "Choose me and I'll see that you win victory and fame in war." Aphrodite outdid her adversaries, however. She won the golden apple by offering Helen, Zeus' daughter and the most beautiful mortal, to Paris. Paris, anxious to claim Helen, set off for Sparta in Greece.

Although Paris learned that Helen was married, he accepted the hospitality of her husband, King Menelasu of Sparta, anyway. Therefore, Menelaus was outraged for a number of reasons when Paris departed, taking Helen and much of the king's wealth back to Troy. Menelaus collected his loyal forces and set sail for Troy to begin the war to reclaim Helen.

31.Eris was known for _____ both mortals and immortals.

A. scheming against

B. involving in conflict

C. feeling hostile toward

D. ignoring

E. comforting

32.Each goddess tried _____ to bribe Paris.

A. boldly

B. effectively

C. secretly

D. carefully

E. answer not stated

33.Athena _____ Hera, promising Paris victory and fame in war.

A. denied the statement of

B. defeated

C. agreed with

D. restated the statement

E. questioned the statement

【答案与解析】

31.B  由第二段最后一句可知,Eris总是“embroiled mortals and immortals alike in conflict”。

32.A  由倒数第三段“Each goddess, eager to win the golden apple, tried aggressively to bribe him.”可知A项正确。

33.A  由倒数第二段的“contradicted”可知,Athena反驳了Hera的话。

Passage Two

One of the most intriguing stories of the Russian Revolution concerns the identity of Anastasia, the youngest daughter of Czar Nicholas II. During his reign over Russia, the Czar had planned to revoke many of the harsh laws established by previous czars. Some workers and peasants, however, clamored for more rapid social reform. In 1918 a group of these people, known as Bolsheviks, overthrew the government. On July 17 or 18, they murdered the Czar and what was thought to be his entire family.

Although witnesses vouched that all the members of the Czar's family had been executed, there were rumors suggesting that Anastasia had survived. Over the years, a number of women claimed to be Grand Duchess Anastasia. Perhaps the best-known claimant was Anastasia Tschaikovsky, who was also known as Anna Anderson.

In 1920, eighteen months after the Czar's execution, this terrified young woman was rescued from drowning in a Berlin river. She spent two years in a hospital, where she attempted to reclaim her health and shattered mind. The doctors and nurses thought that she resembled Anastasia and questioned hear about her background. She disclaimed any connection with the Czar's family.

Eight years later, though, she claimed that she was Anastasia. She said that she had been rescued by two Russian soldiers after the Czar and the rest of her family had been killed. Two brothers named Tschaikovsky had carried her into Romania. She had married one of the brothers, who had taken her to Berlin and left her there, penniless and without a vocation. Unable to invoke the aid of her mother's family in Germany, she had tried to drown herself.

During the next few years, scores of the Czar's relatives, ex-servants, and acquaintances interviewed her. Many of these people said that her looks and mannerisms were evocative of the Anastasia that they had known. Her grandmother and other relatives denied that she was the real Anastasia, however.

Tried of being accused of fraud, Anastasia immigrated to the United States in 1928 and took the name Anna Anderson. She still wished to prove that she was Anastasia, though, and returned to Germany in 1933 to bring suit against her mother's family. There she declaimed to the court, asserting that she was indeed Anastasia and deserved her inheritance.

In 1957, the court decided that it could neither confirm nor deny Anastasia's identity. Although we will probably never know whether this woman was the Grand Duchess Anastasia, her search to establish her identity has been the subject of numerous books, plays, and movies.

34.Some Russian peasants and workers _____ for social reform.

A. longed

B. cried out

C. begged

D. hoped

E. thought much

35.Witnesses _____ that all members of the Czar's family had been executed.

A. gave assurance

B. thought

C. hoped

D. convinced some

E. answer not stated

36.Tschaikovsky _____ any connection with the Czar's family.

A. denied

B. stopped

C. noted

D. justified

E. answer not stated

37.She was unable to _____ the aid of her relative.

A. locate

B. speak about

C. call upon

D. identify

E. know

38.In court she _____ maintaining that she was Anastasia and deserved her inheritance.

A. finally appeared

B. spoke forcefully

C. testified

D. gave evidence

E. answer not stated

【答案与解析】

34.B  由第一段中“Some workers and peasants, however, clamored for more rapid social reform.”可知,他们迫切想要改革。clamor for大声呼吁,强烈要求。cry out for迫切需要

35.A  第二段第一句说到“witnesses vouched that...executed”。vouch担保;证明。give assurance保证,确保。

36.A  由第三段最后一句“She disclaimed any connection with the Czar's family.”可知,她否认了与沙皇家族的关系。

37.C  根据倒数第三段中“Unable to invoke the aid of her mother's family”可知,她无法得到亲人的帮助。invoke调用;引起。call upon号召。

38.B  倒数第二段最后一句说到“There she declaimed to the court, asserting that she was indeed Anastasia and deserved her inheritance.”,与B项意思相同。

Passage Three

Together with her husband, Margaret Wilkins runs a well drilling business, using technology such as drilling rigs and air-compressed hammers. But when it comes to locating water, she needs nothing more than a forked hazel stick. The couple's success rate is higher than 90 per cent. Dowsing - the ability to locate water, minerals and lost objects underground - is a so-called 'sixth sense'. There are many theories about how it is done, ranging from the physical, such as magnetism, to the spiritual. One of the most credible is based on the knowledge that everything on this planet vibrates water more than other matter. It is suggested that dowsers have an acute ability to sense vibrations while standing on the Earth's surface; some dowsers say that they can 'sense' water, others that they can smell it, smell being the most acute sense.

For the Wilkins, the drought years of recent times have been busy, with an almost six-week-long waiting list at one stage. Most of Margaret's customers are farmers with wells that have dried up: 'We will see customers only once in a lifetime because wells last for a long time.' Other customers own remote cottages or barns, now holiday homes, where the expense of running water pipes for great distances is prohibitive. Others are golf-course developers with clubhouse facilities to build.

Margaret tries to locate water between 50 and 70 metres down. 'You can't drill a well where there is the slightest risk of farm or other waste getting into the water supply. The water we locate is running in fissures of impervious rock and, as long as we bring the water straight up, it should give a good clean supply, though Cornwall is rich in minerals so you have to watch out for iron.' Another necessity is electricity to drive the pump; this is too expensive to run across miles of fields so ideally the well should be near to existing power supplies.

After considering all this, Margaret can start to look for water. On large areas, such as golf courses, she begins with a map of the area and a pendulum. 'I hold the pendulum still and gently move it over the map. It will swing when it is suspended over an area where there is water.'

After the map has indicated likely areas, Margaret walks over the fields with a hazel stick, forked and equal in length and width each side. 'Once I'm above water I get a peculiar feeling; I reel slightly. When it subsides I use the stick to locate the exact spot where we should drill.' Gripping the two forks of the stick with both hands, she eases them outwards slightly to give tension. 'When water is immediately below, the straight part of the stick rises up. It's vital to drill exactly where the stick says. A fraction the wrong way, and you can miss the waterline altogether. My husband will dowse the same area as me; usually, not always, we agree on the precise place to drill. If we disagree, we won't drill and will keep looking until we do agree.'

Margaret Wilkins is not in isolation, carrying out some curious old tradition down in the west of England. Anthropologists and writers have long been fascinated by this inexplicable intuition. Margaret calls it an 'intuitive perception of the environment' and that is the closest we can get to understanding why she locates water so accurately. If she did not have this 'sixth sense', how else could the family live off their well-drilling business year after year?

39.What does the writer say about the theory of vibration and dowsers?

A It has only recently been accepted.

B There are limits to its application.

C There might be some truth in it.

D It is based on inaccurate information.

40.One reason why people employ Margaret to find water is _____.

A the isolated position of their property.

B the failure of their own efforts.

C the low fees she charges for her work.

D the speed at which she operates.

41.Margaret is cautious about new finds of water in Cornwall because they may be _____.

A unfit for human consumption.

B too insignificant to be worthwhile.

C too deep to bring to the surface.

D expensive to locate with certainty.

42.When Margaret and her husband use the dowsing stick to locate places to drill, they _____.

A are unlikely to achieve the same result.

B have regular differences of opinion.

C employ different techniques.

D are unwilling to take risks.

43.What does the writer suggest as proof of the effectiveness of Margaret's dowsing?

A the interest shown in it by anthropologists and writers

B the regular income which can be made from it

C people's appreciation of the tradition behind it

D people's description of it as a 'sixth sense'

【答案与解析】

39.C  第一段中作者说到“One of the most credible is based on the knowledge that everything on this planet vibrates water more than other matter.”,由此可见作者认为里面可能有点道理。

40.A  第二段说到了找Margaret钻井的人群。有的是偏远的度假屋,因为铺设远距离管道很贵。因此A项“他们的房产位置偏僻”正确。

41.A  第三段提到“Cornwall is rich in minerals so you have to watch out for iron.”,由此可见那里的水有可能不适合人类饮用。

42.D  由倒数第二段可知,如果Margaret与她丈夫在确定水源方面意见不一致,他们就会继续探测下一个地方,直到意见一致时才会开始钻井,由此可见他们不会在这个问题上冒险。

43.B  由最后一段最后一句“If she did not have this 'sixth sense', how else could the family live off their well-drilling business year after year?”可知,作者认为如果Margaret没有这样的第六感的话,那她的钻井业务也就不会年复一年地继续下去了。

IV. Read the lines below, from "The Eagle" by Tennyson; then answer the two questions that follow. (6%)

The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls;

He watches from his mountain walls,

And like a thunderbolt he falls.

44.What rhetorical device is employed in the first line?

45.The figure in the last line is a simile, not a metaphor, why?

【答案与解析】

44.The first line employs personification.

(题干问到第一行用了什么修辞手法。由第一行的“wrinkled”可知,这一行用了拟人。)

45.Because it uses the word “like”.

(题干问的是为什么最后一行用的是明喻而不是暗喻。最后一行中有了动词“like”,本体、喻体和比喻词都出现了,因此是明喻。)

V. Read the excerpt below; then answer the two questions that follow. (8%)

Creative writing may serve many purposes for the writer. Above all, it is a means of self-expression. It is the individual's way of saying, "These are my thoughts and they are uniquely experienced by me." But creative writing can also serve as a safety valve for hidden tensions. This implies that a period of time has evolved in which the child gave an idea some deep thought and that the message on paper is revealing of this deep inner thought. Finally, a worthwhile by-product of creative writing is the stimulus it gives students to do further reading and experimentation in their areas of interest. A child may become an ardent reader of good literature in order to satisfy an appetite whetted by a creative writing endeavor.

46.What is the primary purpose of the author of this passage?

47.The content of the passage indicates that the passage would be least likely to appear in what kinds of publications? Give reasons.

【答案与解析】

46.The primary purpose is to expound the significance of creative writing.

(这段话主要介绍了创造性写作的作用,它是一种自我表达的方式,可以作为紧张局势的安全阀,可以让孩子们在自己感兴趣的领域进一步阅读和实验。)

47.The passage would be least likely to appear in books on politics, philosophy and so on.

(这段话主要介绍了创造性写作的作用,因此本文不可能出现在有关政治、哲学等的书籍中。)

VI. You are required to write both the following writing tasks. Your answer should follow exactly the instructions given. Write approximately 250 words for each. (30%)

1.There is going to be an international music festival in your area. You have seen the following notice in the local newspaper.

International Music Festival-Judges Wanted

Can you help? Thousands of groups and musicians have applied to play in our 3-day festival. We need judges to help us decide which groups and musicians to accept. If you are interested in working with us, please write explaining:

l  which types of music you think we should have

l  what your own tastes in music are

l  what would make you a good judge.

Write your letter of application.

【参考范文】

Dear Sir or Madam,

I have learned from an advertisement on a newspaper that your festival is in need of judges. I would like you to consider me for the position.

I am a senior college student now. As a leader of student union, I have organized several evening party with my fellows. Music festival which rose in the west was known to Chinese people through the introduction of rock music. Thus, in China, music festivals are more in favor of rock music. And music festivals in China today mainly focus on pop music and rock music. As there is going to be an international music festival, music which is going to be performed needs to be more international. In my opinion, besides pop music and rock music, European classical music should also be involved, such as compositions of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.

As for my music taste, I prefer Chinese old songs and western rock music. My two types of favorite songs seems like two extremes. Chinese old songs express refined emotions and make me calm down. Western rock music like California Dreaming gives me inspirations. Besides, western rock music can warm up the festival and matches the atmosphere of music festival.

As I mentions above, I am a senior student now, so I have enough time to work for the festival. And for I have experiences of organizing parties, I have a good taste to music and can identify what is suitable for the festival.

Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully

Li Ming

【解析】

本题要求写一封250字左右的求职信,并给出了信中要写的内容要求。

范文严格遵守了求职信的格式。第一段说明了自己想要谋求的职位。第二段作者说明了自己认为音乐节应该有什么类型的音乐。第三段介绍了自己喜欢的音乐类型,第四段说明了自己为什么能胜任这个职位。

2.You see the following announcement for a competition in an international magazine.

TIME CAPSULE-TO BE OPENED IN 100 YEARS' TIME!

We are preparing a special container designed to be buried underground and opened in 100 years' time. We invite our readers to recommend three things to include in this time capsule which represent life and culture today, and to say why they would be of interest to people in the future. Write your competition entry.

【参考范文】

In my opinion, the first thing to include in this time capsule should be a mobile phone. Nowadays, people can contact each other by a small mobile phone. Mobile phones enable us to get rid of wire telephones and inconvenience. It shortens the distance between people who are far remote from each other, but lengthens the heart distance between close friends and families. It is a remarkable emblem of life today. And I am sure people in the future will be interested in the “antique”.

Besides a mobile phone, I think coins from countries on the earth are worthy to be put in the capsule. After 100 years, people can know about what was happening in different countries through coins. The reason why coins instead of paper money is that they are easier to be preserved. Coins are memorable gifts for all countries. They should be given back to the country and be displayed in museums of these countries.

In addition, the last thing which should be included in the capsule is a picture of the Earth taken by satellites. The earth is changing continually for plate movement and human activities. And the appearance of the earth today must be different from that of 100 years later. People in the future can compare the image of the earth today with the image of 100 years later. With this evidence, they may find how plates moves and what they should do to protect the environment.

【解析】

本题要求写一个比赛报名来推荐三件应该放在时间胶囊里的东西,这些应该能够代表当今的生活与文化,还要说明为什么将来的人会对这些事情感兴趣。字数应该250字左右。

范文的三段分别推荐了三种应该放在时间胶囊里的东西。第一段推荐的是一部手机,因为当今时代的人们都离不开手机,手机是我们这个时代的一个标志。第二段推荐的是各国硬币。因为可以将这些硬币作为礼物送给100年后的这些国家,放在各国的博物馆里。最后一个推荐的是一张卫星拍摄的地球照片。100年后的人们可以将这张照片与他们那个时代地球的照片相比,来发现地球有了什么变化,并认识到他们应该做些什么来保护环境。

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