科目代码及名称： 621 英语基础 适用专业：英语语言文学
Part One Blank-filling
For each blank in the
following passage you are requested to fill in only ONE word.
Yale is building on faculty diversity and excellence through
$50 million initiative
Ben Polak and Professor Richard Bribiescas, deputy provost for faculty development
and diversity, have updated the faculty on Yale’s ongoing $50 million initiative
to build on the excellence and diversity of the faculty (1) the
Provost’s Faculty Development Fund, which was announced last fall, provides up to
half the salary for three years to support the appointment of faculty (2)
enrich diversity or contribute on another dimension of strategic importance
(3) Yale. In its inaugural year, the initiative committed resources
to support 26 ladder faculty.
have been impressed by the enthusiastic participation in the initiative across the
schools and departments,” Polak and Bribiescas wrote in a Sept. 7 email to the faculty.
“In the first year, every school that (4) a request for funding
received support, including the Faculty of Arts & Sciences and the Schools of
Divinity, Drama, Engineering & Applied Science, Forestry & Environmental
Studies, Law, Medicine, Music, Nursing, and Public Health.”
Peter Salovey said, “I am delighted that the initiative is off to a good start
— but there is more (5) to be done. We must recruit and retain
the (6) faculty, and ensure that all of them feel welcome and
number of Yale’s deans said the initiative had contributed significantly to their
(7) to recruit outstanding faculty to the University this year.
initiative has allowed departments to think broadly and creatively about faculty
excellence and has allowed us to (8) a number of spectacular
scholars and teachers who might otherwise have been beyond our (9) to
attract,” said Dean Tamar Gendler of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
initiative is important not only for recruiting, but also for developing our own
faculty with a range of diverse characteristics and expertise,” said Dean Ann Kurth
of the School of Nursing (YSN). “It has already been a helpful tool at YSN to grow
our own diversity. Access (10) the matching funds played a critical
role in (11) and has factored heavily into our faculty hire planning
for the upcoming year. At YSN we believe strongly that a diverse, inclusive faculty
is essential because (12) leads to a stronger, more productive
culture at the school and ultimately, a healthier society.”
Greg Sterling of the School of Divinity said the initiative (13) his
school to recruit new scholars aggressively.
had an exceptionally deep pool of applicants, the best pool that I have experienced
in 15 years (14) a dean at two institutions,” Sterling said.
“The fact that we could apply for assistance and that we were confident that Provost
Polak and President Salovey were serious about the funding emboldened us. The results
promise to be transformative (15) the Divinity School, and I
am deeply grateful for the program.”
James Bundy of the School of Drama also credited the initiative for positively
(16) the hiring of outstanding faculty at his school.
School of Drama has recruited extraordinary practitioners who are field leaders
and who make our faculty community (17) inclusive and representative
of the wider world, “Bundy said. “Our successful searches were made possible with
support from the Provost.”
addition to supporting appointments to the ladder faculty ranks at Yale, the development
fund also supports Presidential Visiting Professors who, Polak and Bribiescas said,
are distinguished scholars and practitioners (18) across the
world who bring unique research, practice and teaching to Yale. There are 13 inaugural
Presidential Visiting Fellows this year.
must also expand and develop the pool of young scholars who will contribute to the
excellence and diversity of future generations of faculty,” Polak and Bribiescas
wrote, noting that the initiative also supports the Dean’s Emerging Scholars Program.
That program, in collaboration (19) Dean Lynn Cooley of the Graduate
School of Arts & Sciences, helps attract and graduate the best Ph.D. students
who will enhance the diversity and excellence of the academy in the future. Fifteen
incoming Ph.D. students were admitted as Dean’s Emerging Scholars fellows, and 10
Ph.D. students will be awarded Dean’s Emerging Scholars research awards.
Provost’s Faculty Development Fund also provided resources to expand Yale’s post-baccalaureate
programs that help promising students transition to graduate school and academic
and Bribiescas said Yale must invest in current faculty by providing development
opportunities and supporting an inclusive climate.
Office of the Provost is partnering with the Center for Teaching and Learning to
offer teaching academies for new faculty, with an emphasis on inclusive teaching,
and to (20) a Diversity & Education Series: Inclusive Pedagogy
have expanded our workshops and resources on inclusive excellence and recognizing
and avoiding implicit bias,” they stated. “They are offered university-wide for
committees conducting faculty searches, dean searches, and tenure and promotion
new website, faculty.yale.edu, centralizes information and resources of particular
interest to faculty, such as best practices in faculty searches.
Part Two Reading Comprehension
Even When Hillary Wins, Media Props Trump Up: Do They Think No
One Else Is Watching?
I waited a day to assess how the debate was analyzed by news
accounts and pundits(21), and while there was a huge plurality in favor of
Hillary’s performance there were still the same old attempts to build Donald Trump
up and give him credit for retracting stuff he said when no such credit should be
There’s no question, watching the aftermath on major cable networks
such as CNN and MSNBC—and to a lesser extent on Fox News—Trump’s performance was
overmatched by Hillary. However, to my mind there was an attempt by most to indicate
Donald Trump’s first half hour was strong, even “great” according to liberal commentator
Van Jones and extended to perhaps an hour by NBC’s David Gregory.
While I will concede (23) the first several minutes—perhaps
up to fifteen—showed Trump less onerous than he normally is, the way Jones put it
made it appear he got the better of Hillary Clinton. She matched him throughout
the debate, even in early moments, so to give him points for not being as awful
as he was later on makes it seem Trump whipped (24) Hillary at first.
This is important, because Jones stated he thought most people
only watched the first twenty or thirty minutes, and with that sort of review he
suggested that for them Trump beat Hillary, because they didn’t stick around for
the part when most felt she destroyed him.
I would like to see the numbers to which Jones and others referred,
but even with channel switching after watching only a bit Hillary more than held
her own. To Trump’s charge we have too many trade deals, Hillary reminded our population
is only 5% of the world and we have to make trade appealing (25). She noted
Trump got started with a $14 million loan from his very rich father, backed by articles
in the New York Times.
His jabbing about the TPP was Hillary’s only weak moment, because
she wouldn’t admit being for the TPP, saying she was hoping it was the gold standard,
later realizing it wasn’t. To his charge she changed her position because of him,
she should have retorted, “Donald, there’s nothing you’ve ever said that changed
my position. If anything might have influenced me, besides studying the issue more
closely, it was through the wise counsel of my good friend Bernie Sanders.”
That was it. Otherwise, Hillary handled her email issue tersely
(26) but effectively, not drawing out her response with an excuse. She simply
said she made a mistake and wouldn’t do it again. Conversely, when pressed by
(27) moderator Lester Holt innumerable times about the “birther” issue he continued
to foment, Trump tried lamely (28) to deflect his impropriety by blaming
Hillary for starting the smear, an unproven insinuation, as Hillary never publicly
did so. Whereas Trump took credit for the president producing his birth certificate
in 2011, but never answered why he continued inflaming doubts through January of
He dissembled (29) throughout, having few coherent responses,
just trying to fill space and hogging airtime, which in my one major criticism of
Lester Holt he should have forcefully halted. Trump interrupted Hillary continually,
and when his minutes were up and asked for more time, he used up loads more than
ten seconds Holt promised him, with Holt never threatening to cut off his microphone.
Perhaps Hillary felt it better to let Donald go on and on, because
he was digging his own grave. His interruptions “That makes me smart” regarding
not paying taxes, or “That’s business” regarding her charge he rooted for the
housing bust (30) to profit from the ills of others did him no good.
Yet, Chris Matthews and others (including the aforementioned
Van Jones) seemed to think that the “birther” issue would end if Trump just apologized.
Indeed Jones, after Trump’s 39 second press conference admitting Obama’s citizenship,
said he gave Trump credit for that. Matthews said an apology would similarly put
the issue to rest. Excuse me? I would call that expedience. It should not at all
end the reality that this man propelled a lie (31) for five years even after
it was proven as such by a legal document. Would a man be forgiven after beating
his wife for simply not beating her any longer?
Trump is fair game for all his words and sins, even as he has
few actual things to harp about(32) Hillary. Her email/server situation has
been dealt with countless times. More email’s emerging does not make it a new issue
and never was it shown she was hacked or the emails caused national harm. Benghazi,
barely mentioned, was put to bed after numerous congressional hearings.
Yet in the Los Angeles Times the main bold headline today: A
TESTY OPENING ROUND, with the bulk of the story on the right (principal) side pretty
much indicating a draw. An analysis with a smaller headline on the left side and
with less ink clearly stated what actually happened, as did the continuing articles
well inside the paper. However, for those who get news from the front page the truth
was not told.
On NBC Nightly News last night, ONE young woman was asked and
said Hillary was robotic (33) and Trump was passionate, belying most surveys,
yet she was the one selected to represent Millennials?
Why do newspapers and media outlets temper their coverage? Are
they dead set on just selling newspapers and building ratings? Yes, most of them
ultimately get around to telling the true story, but often with qualifying remarks.
Other than saying Trump started reasonably for the first part—and not even a half
hour—more like fifteen minutes—the outlets made it appear he had won the first round,
when he clearly had not. Hillary matched him mostly point by point and scored deadly
ripostes, while doing so in a more polite and dignified manner.
Some Trump supporters like CNN’s Jeffrey Lord kept trying to
change the subject saying there were articles challenging Chester A. Arthur’s 1881
citizenship. However, Obama’s eligibility (34) was questioned by Trump over
five years, even with a birth certificate. Lord also asserted, in a tacit admission
Hillary had won, that Reagan and Carter were deemed to have come to a draw
(35) in their one debate in 1980, yet Reagan prevailed. The difference was Carter
had a dismal economy with sky high interest rates and the hostages in Iran. How
can our current situation be compared to that, with the economy so much better than
2008, with crime lower, despite the lies of Trump to the contrary?
I am sure Trump will be forced, at least by his children, if
not his revolving door campaign managers, to prepare better for the next debate.
And he might have more facts and/or know which “facts” not to use as they can be
so easily disproved. However, will his penchant for narcissism wane or his incapacity
for self-control—a serious concern for diplomacy and military issues—be on display?
If so, expect more knockouts, which will hopefully be better reported by Mainstream
(I) Explain the underlined parts (number 21—35) above
on the Answer Sheet (每题2分，共30分)
(II) Do the following two
statements according to the article. (每题5分，共10分)
36．Comment on the statement: “Hillary
matched him mostly point by point and scored deadly ripostes, while doing so in
a more polite and dignified manner.”
37．What’s the author’s view upon the coming
Part Three Translation
Put the following underlined
passages into English.
Part Four Essay-writing (50分)
Topic: Live and Let Live
Word limit: 450-500