[电子书]温州大学外国语学院621英语基础历年考研真题汇编

[电子书] 温州大学外国语学院621英语基础历年考研真题汇编

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目录

内容简介

2017年温州大学外国语学院621英语基础考研真题

2016年温州大学外国语学院621英语基础考研真题

2015年温州大学外国语学院621英语基础考研真题

2014年温州大学外国语学院621英语基础考研真题

2013年温州大学外国语学院621英语基础考研真题

2012年温州大学外国语学院618英语基础考研真题

2011年温州大学外国语学院617英语基础考研真题

2010年温州大学外国语学院617英语基础考研真题

内容简介

《温州大学外国语学院621英语基础历年考研真题汇编》完整收录了20102017年间的8套考研真题。历年真题是很有价值的复习备考资料,通过研习考研真题,可以了解本考试科目的出题风格、难度及命题点。

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试读(部分内容)

2017年温州大学外国语学院621英语基础考研真题

科目代码及名称:  621  英语基础   适用专业:英语语言文学

Part One Blank-filling (20分)

For each blank in the following passage you are requested to fill in only ONE word.

Yale is building on faculty diversity and excellence through $50 million initiative

Provost Ben Polak and Professor Richard Bribiescas, deputy provost for faculty development and diversity, have updated the faculty on Yale’s ongoing $50 million initiative to build on the excellence and diversity of the faculty  (1)  the university.

The Provost’s Faculty Development Fund, which was announced last fall, provides up to half the salary for three years to support the appointment of faculty  (2)  enrich diversity or contribute on another dimension of strategic importance  (3)  Yale. In its inaugural year, the initiative committed resources to support 26 ladder faculty.

“We have been impressed by the enthusiastic participation in the initiative across the schools and departments,” Polak and Bribiescas wrote in a Sept. 7 email to the faculty. “In the first year, every school that  (4)  a request for funding received support, including the Faculty of Arts & Sciences and the Schools of Divinity, Drama, Engineering & Applied Science, Forestry & Environmental Studies, Law, Medicine, Music, Nursing, and Public Health.”

President Peter Salovey said, “I am delighted that the initiative is off to a good start — but there is more  (5)  to be done. We must recruit and retain the  (6)  faculty, and ensure that all of them feel welcome and valued.”

A number of Yale’s deans said the initiative had contributed significantly to their  (7)  to recruit outstanding faculty to the University this year.

“This initiative has allowed departments to think broadly and creatively about faculty excellence and has allowed us to  (8)  a number of spectacular scholars and teachers who might otherwise have been beyond our  (9)  to attract,” said Dean Tamar Gendler of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.

“Yale’s initiative is important not only for recruiting, but also for developing our own faculty with a range of diverse characteristics and expertise,” said Dean Ann Kurth of the School of Nursing (YSN). “It has already been a helpful tool at YSN to grow our own diversity. Access  (10)  the matching funds played a critical role in  (11)  and has factored heavily into our faculty hire planning for the upcoming year. At YSN we believe strongly that a diverse, inclusive faculty is essential because  (12)  leads to a stronger, more productive culture at the school and ultimately, a healthier society.”

Dean Greg Sterling of the School of Divinity said the initiative  (13)  his school to recruit new scholars aggressively.

“We had an exceptionally deep pool of applicants, the best pool that I have experienced in 15 years  (14)  a dean at two institutions,” Sterling said. “The fact that we could apply for assistance and that we were confident that Provost Polak and President Salovey were serious about the funding emboldened us. The results promise to be transformative  (15)  the Divinity School, and I am deeply grateful for the program.”

Dean James Bundy of the School of Drama also credited the initiative for positively  (16)  the hiring of outstanding faculty at his school.

“Yale School of Drama has recruited extraordinary practitioners who are field leaders and who make our faculty community  (17)  inclusive and representative of the wider world, “Bundy said. “Our successful searches were made possible with support from the Provost.”

In addition to supporting appointments to the ladder faculty ranks at Yale, the development fund also supports Presidential Visiting Professors who, Polak and Bribiescas said, are distinguished scholars and practitioners  (18)  across the world who bring unique research, practice and teaching to Yale. There are 13 inaugural Presidential Visiting Fellows this year.

“We must also expand and develop the pool of young scholars who will contribute to the excellence and diversity of future generations of faculty,” Polak and Bribiescas wrote, noting that the initiative also supports the Dean’s Emerging Scholars Program. That program, in collaboration  (19)  Dean Lynn Cooley of the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, helps attract and graduate the best Ph.D. students who will enhance the diversity and excellence of the academy in the future. Fifteen incoming Ph.D. students were admitted as Dean’s Emerging Scholars fellows, and 10 Ph.D. students will be awarded Dean’s Emerging Scholars research awards.

The Provost’s Faculty Development Fund also provided resources to expand Yale’s post-baccalaureate programs that help promising students transition to graduate school and academic careers.

Polak and Bribiescas said Yale must invest in current faculty by providing development opportunities and supporting an inclusive climate.

The Office of the Provost is partnering with the Center for Teaching and Learning to offer teaching academies for new faculty, with an emphasis on inclusive teaching, and to  (20)  a Diversity & Education Series: Inclusive Pedagogy in Action.

“We have expanded our workshops and resources on inclusive excellence and recognizing and avoiding implicit bias,” they stated. “They are offered university-wide for committees conducting faculty searches, dean searches, and tenure and promotion reviews.”

A new website, faculty.yale.edu, centralizes information and resources of particular interest to faculty, such as best practices in faculty searches.

Part Two Reading Comprehension (共40分)

Even When Hillary Wins, Media Props Trump Up: Do They Think No One Else Is Watching?

I waited a day to assess how the debate was analyzed by news accounts and pundits(21), and while there was a huge plurality in favor of Hillary’s performance there were still the same old attempts to build Donald Trump up and give him credit for retracting stuff he said when no such credit should be acknowledged (22).

There’s no question, watching the aftermath on major cable networks such as CNN and MSNBC—and to a lesser extent on Fox News—Trump’s performance was overmatched by Hillary. However, to my mind there was an attempt by most to indicate Donald Trump’s first half hour was strong, even “great” according to liberal commentator Van Jones and extended to perhaps an hour by NBC’s David Gregory.

While I will concede (23) the first several minutes—perhaps up to fifteen—showed Trump less onerous than he normally is, the way Jones put it made it appear he got the better of Hillary Clinton. She matched him throughout the debate, even in early moments, so to give him points for not being as awful as he was later on makes it seem Trump whipped (24) Hillary at first.

This is important, because Jones stated he thought most people only watched the first twenty or thirty minutes, and with that sort of review he suggested that for them Trump beat Hillary, because they didn’t stick around for the part when most felt she destroyed him.

I would like to see the numbers to which Jones and others referred, but even with channel switching after watching only a bit Hillary more than held her own. To Trump’s charge we have too many trade deals, Hillary reminded our population is only 5% of the world and we have to make trade appealing (25). She noted Trump got started with a $14 million loan from his very rich father, backed by articles in the New York Times.

His jabbing about the TPP was Hillary’s only weak moment, because she wouldn’t admit being for the TPP, saying she was hoping it was the gold standard, later realizing it wasn’t. To his charge she changed her position because of him, she should have retorted, “Donald, there’s nothing you’ve ever said that changed my position. If anything might have influenced me, besides studying the issue more closely, it was through the wise counsel of my good friend Bernie Sanders.”

That was it. Otherwise, Hillary handled her email issue tersely (26) but effectively, not drawing out her response with an excuse. She simply said she made a mistake and wouldn’t do it again. Conversely, when pressed by (27) moderator Lester Holt innumerable times about the “birther” issue he continued to foment, Trump tried lamely (28) to deflect his impropriety by blaming Hillary for starting the smear, an unproven insinuation, as Hillary never publicly did so. Whereas Trump took credit for the president producing his birth certificate in 2011, but never answered why he continued inflaming doubts through January of this year.

He dissembled (29) throughout, having few coherent responses, just trying to fill space and hogging airtime, which in my one major criticism of Lester Holt he should have forcefully halted. Trump interrupted Hillary continually, and when his minutes were up and asked for more time, he used up loads more than ten seconds Holt promised him, with Holt never threatening to cut off his microphone.

Perhaps Hillary felt it better to let Donald go on and on, because he was digging his own grave. His interruptions “That makes me smart” regarding not paying taxes, or “That’s business” regarding her charge he rooted for the housing bust (30) to profit from the ills of others did him no good.

Yet, Chris Matthews and others (including the aforementioned Van Jones) seemed to think that the “birther” issue would end if Trump just apologized. Indeed Jones, after Trump’s 39 second press conference admitting Obama’s citizenship, said he gave Trump credit for that. Matthews said an apology would similarly put the issue to rest. Excuse me? I would call that expedience. It should not at all end the reality that this man propelled a lie (31) for five years even after it was proven as such by a legal document. Would a man be forgiven after beating his wife for simply not beating her any longer?

Trump is fair game for all his words and sins, even as he has few actual things to harp about(32) Hillary. Her email/server situation has been dealt with countless times. More email’s emerging does not make it a new issue and never was it shown she was hacked or the emails caused national harm. Benghazi, barely mentioned, was put to bed after numerous congressional hearings.

Yet in the Los Angeles Times the main bold headline today: A TESTY OPENING ROUND, with the bulk of the story on the right (principal) side pretty much indicating a draw. An analysis with a smaller headline on the left side and with less ink clearly stated what actually happened, as did the continuing articles well inside the paper. However, for those who get news from the front page the truth was not told.

On NBC Nightly News last night, ONE young woman was asked and said Hillary was robotic (33) and Trump was passionate, belying most surveys, yet she was the one selected to represent Millennials?

Why do newspapers and media outlets temper their coverage? Are they dead set on just selling newspapers and building ratings? Yes, most of them ultimately get around to telling the true story, but often with qualifying remarks. Other than saying Trump started reasonably for the first part—and not even a half hour—more like fifteen minutes—the outlets made it appear he had won the first round, when he clearly had not. Hillary matched him mostly point by point and scored deadly ripostes, while doing so in a more polite and dignified manner.

Some Trump supporters like CNN’s Jeffrey Lord kept trying to change the subject saying there were articles challenging Chester A. Arthur’s 1881 citizenship. However, Obama’s eligibility (34) was questioned by Trump over five years, even with a birth certificate. Lord also asserted, in a tacit admission Hillary had won, that Reagan and Carter were deemed to have come to a draw (35) in their one debate in 1980, yet Reagan prevailed. The difference was Carter had a dismal economy with sky high interest rates and the hostages in Iran. How can our current situation be compared to that, with the economy so much better than 2008, with crime lower, despite the lies of Trump to the contrary?

I am sure Trump will be forced, at least by his children, if not his revolving door campaign managers, to prepare better for the next debate. And he might have more facts and/or know which “facts” not to use as they can be so easily disproved. However, will his penchant for narcissism wane or his incapacity for self-control—a serious concern for diplomacy and military issues—be on display? If so, expect more knockouts, which will hopefully be better reported by Mainstream Media.

Language Work

(I) Explain the underlined parts (number 21—35) above on the Answer Sheet (每题2分,共30分)

(II) Do the following two statements according to the article. (每题5分,共10分)

36.Comment on the statement: “Hillary matched him mostly point by point and scored deadly ripostes, while doing so in a more polite and dignified manner.”

37.What’s the author’s view upon the coming debates?

Part Three  Translation work (40分)

Put the following underlined passages into English.

(A)

八十年代,有一姑娘号召:1.70米以下的男人均为“残废”。于是全国未婚妇女青年纷纷揭竿而起。

我细细量过九十九次自己标高,实属“终生残废”系列。但那时年少,血旺气盛,誓与凡俗抗争到底,于是连哄带骗将一净高1.74米女孩拐回家做起了太太,这一壮举颇为“残废”人们扬了一段眉吐了半口气。

将太太置回家中后我才意识到自己的悲哀,这一愤世之举不仅未了我“终生残废”而又平添我“终生遗憾”,我从未享受过将男人坚定有力的胳膊窝勾着太太姣美柔滑的后脖子上街遛弯的幸福。这一幸福对我来说不仅意味着双脚要离开这生我养我的土地,而且神圣的肚脐亦将昭之于众。

(B)

谁能想象高山会被移动,世界最大的河流之一会被人驯服,就为了造福13亿人民!中国人民似乎没有克服不了的困难。他们正在构筑自己的未来,其规模与人民的需要相匹配。如果谁真正了解中国人民的需求需要付出多大的努力,他们就不会对这种努力说三道四。每个工业化国家在其发展的历史进程中,都有一个重大的阶段进行基础设施建设,造福于民。

Part Four Essay-writing (50分)

Topic: Live and Let Live

Word limit: 450-500

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