简 答 题
of ex-army officers have found ______ jobs in private security firms in the US.
persuaded the team to play the game. What actually happened according to this statement?
A．The manager played harD．
B．The team played harD．
C．The team actually did not play.
D．The manager actually did not play.
Human beings are
an irritant to Mother Nature, and in spite of the fact that it took their brains
five million years to evolve, She can rid Herself of them in an instant. This, however,
may not be necessary, since humans seem to be racing to see if they can save Her
the trouble. They behave so arrogantly, contending they are superior to Nature.
Rain forests are being cut down or burned—not only polluting the air but also causing a drop in oxygen levels.
The love affair people have with their automobiles, especially “gas hog” SUV’s, adds to the pollutants in the
air and is, yet, another nail in their coffins. Since prehistoric times, humans
have been stalking and killing animals, causing many, beginning with the mastodon
and saber-toothed tiger, to become extinct. Modern civilization is rushing headlong
to slaughter animals in wholesale lots, all the while trying to prove its superiority
to Mother Nature, usually with disastrous results.
For thousands of
years, humans also have been defacing the earth, making scars upon the lanD．The throngs of people who responded
to the lure of gold in the Yukon totally stripped mountainsides of trees above the
Yukon River to make rafts in order to sail 500 miles to Dawson. Forty percent never
made it! In the populated areas of the Himalayas very few trees remain since the
citizens have cut them down for cooking and heating fires. With most of the trees
gone, erosion occurs on a large scale, washing away most of the topsoil, making
food production difficult. Even more disturbing is the fact that, due to large-scale
cutting, the famous cedars of Lebanon, mentioned in the Bible, no longer exist.
Along the same lines, so much of the rain forest in Panama is being destroyed that
scientists are predicting the Panama Canal could fill with silt, thus prohibiting
ships from crossing the isthmus, due to the effects of deforestation.
erosion, along with changing weather patterns, have led to the fastest-growing regions
on this planet—deserts.
All the while, populations are exploding worldwide and the proliferation of deserts
means there is less arable land to feed the increasing number of people. Starvation
on a massive scale will run rampant, and whenever a noted ecologist or environmentalist
sends out warnings about such dangers to human life, very few consider giving up
any of their conveniences. For instance, they insist on using aerosols and traveling
one-to-a-car, thus adding to the emissions, which cause the ozone holes to expand,
leading to more cases of skin cancer—a vicious cycle, indeeD．
To make matters even
more critical, global warming is becoming an ever-increasing threat to the existence
of humans and animals. Polar icecaps are melting, and sections, the size of the
state of Rhode Island, are breaking off. Traveling toward the Temperate Zones, they
begin to melt, placing an inordinate amount of fresh water into the oceans and causing
Humans further complicate
their lives by allowing businesses to release pollutants in urban areas, in the
name of profit. “Accidents” often take place at refineries
where toxic fumes are released into the air that people and animals breathe. Pesticides
are so widely used and pose such a threat that it is amazing all of them haven’t been banneD．
to appease money-hungry corporations and their stockholders, have allowed timber
companies into National Forests to cut virgin-growth trees. Most of these businesses
clear cut vast areas and often wait an inordinate amount of time to replant.
never cease: When will governments—local, state, and federal—corporations, and the rest of the human race realize what is happening
to this planet? When will the race for profit cease to consume them? Perhaps it
will come about when there is no land left to farm and feed the burgeoning population,
or there is no clean water left to drink, or wildlife to balance the ecosystem,
or, more importantly, when their children start dying. By that time, however, it
probably will be too late.
1, “another nail in
their coffin” is similar
in meaning to______.
A．a bad luck
C．a blessing in disguise
D．going from bad to worse
purposefully capitalizes the initial letters of Mother Nature because ______.
A．the author is clearly being sarcastic
and suggesting that human beings show no respect for the nature
B．the author wants to emphasize the
point that nature, like our mother, provides us with nourishment
C．they are used here as a proper noun
personifying the might power of nature
D．they are words of very special importance
implies that travelling one-to-a-car ______.
A．is an environmentally-friendly travel
B．should be discouraged
C．should be encouraged
D．should be punished
the sound represented by the underlined letter(s) in the words and then describe
it. (10 points)
Which of the following
activities belongs in communicative practice?
A．Repeating sentences that the teacher
B．Doing oral grammar drills.
C．Reading aloud passages from the
D．Giving instructions so that someone
can use a new machine.
Did you eat something
Did you eat anything
The Road to Modern
At the end of the
16th century, above five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them
lived in EnglanD．Later
in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of
the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.
Today, more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than
Native English speakers
can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:
British Betty: Would
you like to see my flat?
American Amy: Yes,
I’d like to come up
to your apartment.
So why has English
changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet
and communicate with each other. At first, the English language spoken in England
between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.
It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually
between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who
ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. These new settlers enriched the
English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600s Shakespeare was
able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers
moved to AmericA．Later
in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began
to speak in both countries.
Finally by the 19th
century the language was settleD．At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel
Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary
of English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English Spelling.
English now is also
spoken as a foreign or second language in South AsiA．For example, India has a very large
number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.
During that time English became the language for government and education. English
is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South AfricA．Today the number of people learning
English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number
of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will
T: What did your
mum do yesterday, Wang Lin?
S: My mum buyed
the dress for me.
T: Oh, that is nice,
your mum bought it for you, did she?
T: Where did she
S: She buyed it
T: Oh, she bought it in town for you. Well, it is very nice.